Architect and builder. He was the eldest son of architectural sculptor Alexander Mylne (d.1643) and grandson of John Mylne (d. 1657). Mylne was appointed Master Mason to the Crown in 1668, succeeding his Uncle John. He rebuilt Holyrood Palace under the direction of Sir William Bruce (1630 - 1710). The reconstruction had been ordered by King Charles II, but it is to Mylne more than any other that the Palace owes its current form. Mylne made much money through the speculative building of houses in Edinburgh, often with no regard for the building codes. He purchased derelict property around the Royal Mile and erected courtyard buildings which were more spacious than the tall 'lands' built around narrow entries which had existed previously. The scheme proved popular and was much copied. Examples were Mylne's Court, which now comprises student residences for the University of Edinburgh, and Mylne's Square, which was later demolished to make way for North Bridge. The Bank of Scotland set up in Mylnes Square in 1695, before moving to Parliament Close and eventually the Mound. This was also where the ill-fated Darien Scheme was planned and the Articles of Union were signed and sealed in 1707. His other works included an improved water supply for Edinburgh, Wood's Hospital at Largo, Leslie House for the Earl of Rothes, the new Cross of Perth, a single arched bridge over the River Clyde at Romellweill Crags and the Mylne Battery at Edinburgh Castle. Other designs included the original Blackfriars Bridge, London. Mylne served on the Town Council of Edinburgh for a time and owned the estate of Balfarg in Fife. With his death the office of Master Mason to the Crown came to an end, being replaced by government department.
Bio by: Kieran Smith
To the memorie of Robert Mylne of Balfargie,
Master Mason to several Kings of Scotland;
and Survieor to this Citie
Who during ane active life of honest fame
Builded amonge manie extensive Warks
Mylne's Court, Mylne's Square and
The Abbie of Haliesrud house.
Leaving by ane Worthie Wife
Eight Sonnes and Six Daughters
All placed in the World with Credit to Himself
and consecraed this momument
To the Honor of his Ancestries
died Dec 10 1710 aged 77