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Sir William Randal Cremer

Photo added by Iain MacFarlaine

Sir William Randal Cremer

  • Birth 18 Mar 1838 Fareham, Fareham Borough, Hampshire, England
  • Death 22 Jul 1908 London, City of London, Greater London, England
  • Burial Hampstead, London Borough of Camden, Greater London, England
  • Plot H9/40
  • Memorial ID 8632761

British Liberal Party Politician and Nobel Laureate. Randal Cremer (he preferred not to use the "William") was born in Fareham, Hampshire, the son of George Cremer, a coach painter who deserted the family soon after the child was born, leaving them in great poverty. Randal had little formal education and was taught to read and write by his mother, Harriet. At the age of twelve, he was working as a pitchboy in a shipyard; at fifteen, he was apprenticed to a carpenter. He then left Hampshire, firstly for Brighton and then for London where, in 1860, he became a founder member of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners, as well as becoming Secretary of the Workmen's Committee, which was formed to maintain sympathy with the Union in the American Civil War. It was Cremer who organised the meeting, held in St. James's Hall and addressed by John Bright, to protest against the British Government having allowed the merchant ship "Alabama" to sail for the Azores and hoist the Confederate flag. In 1870, Cremer formed a committee of working men to try to keep Great Britain neutral in the Franco-Prussian War. This evolved into the Working Men's Peace Association, of which Cremer remained the secretary until his death. After two unsuccessful attempts to stand for Parliament, he was elected in 1885 as the Liberal member for Haggerston in the East End of London. He held the seat for ten years and, although he lost the 1895 election, he regained it in 1900 and continued to hold it until his death. In 1889, he became the British secretary of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. In 1903, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace, and handed the £7,000 to the International Arbitration League, of which body he had, also, become the Secretary. He was knighted by King Edward VII in 1907, and died the following year at his house, 11 Lincoln's Inn Fields.

Bio by: Iain MacFarlaine





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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Iain MacFarlaine
  • Added: 13 Apr 2004
  • Find A Grave Memorial 8632761
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Sir William Randal Cremer (18 Mar 1838–22 Jul 1908), Find A Grave Memorial no. 8632761, citing Hampstead Cemetery, Hampstead, London Borough of Camden, Greater London, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .