Macedonian Monarch. Born the son of King Phillip II of Macedon and Olympias sometime in late July 356 BC, he ascended the throne after his father's death in 336. By 332, he had conquered the Mediterranena and entered Persia (which at the time included Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey) and defeated King Darius III. In 332 to 331, he conquered Egypt, and defeated Darius again after occupying Babylon. He followed by conquering Media and Scythia, then Herat and Samarkand, and entered India, but it seems that he only pillaged and vandalized some of the warring kingdoms in what is now Pakistan. On June 10, 323 BC, before he had returned, he died at age 33 of a sudden fever, in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon. His final resting place has been lost to time. Although it was certain that Ptomely, one of Alexander's generals who later became ruler of Egypt, had him buried in Alexandria, his tomb was closed to the public by Septimus Severus and the location was never documented.
Bio by: Mongoose