US Congressman. He was a major in the North Carolina militia and saw service in the Continental line during the Revolution. He served as comptroller and justice of the peace of Rurherford County, North Carolina, and later served in the North Carolina State senate. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1793, establishing a practice in Rutherfordton, North Carolina. Elected to Congress from North Carolina, he served a single term from 1795 to 1797, and declined to run for reelection. Elected to Congress again in 1800, he served five terms, from 1801 to 1811. He moved to Maury County, Tennessee, in 1811, and establised an estate near Columbia, where he died.
Bio by: Garver Graver
"In memory of Major James Holland, who was born A.D. 1751, and departed this life on the 19th of May 1823, in his 72d year. He served his country in a military and civil capacity throughout the war for American Independence, and was afterwards for many years a member of the Legislature of N.C. and a representative in Congress from that State. In 1811 he retired to private life, with great popularity and weight of character, an arduous and faithful public servant of 37 years. He was possessed of an energetic and philosophical mind, was of an humane disposition and a sincere lover of order and peace in the world. In private relations he was a good husband, parent, master, neighbor and friend, was kind and hospitable to the poor and strangers, and even admired that precopt, immortality and religion which saith 'and as y;e would that men should do to you, do you also to them likewise."