Alexander Ivanovich Herzen

Alexander Ivanovich Herzen

Birth
Moscow, Moscow Federal City, Russia
Death 20 Jan 1870 (aged 57)
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Burial Nice, Departement des Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Plot bronze sculpture by P.Zabello
Memorial ID 35310735 · View Source
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Russian pro-Western writer and thinker. He was an illegitimate son of the nobleman Ivan Alekseyevich Yakovlev and his German consort, Henriette Louise Haag. He was give a surname Herzen which means heart-child. He wrote an autobiography called "My Past and Thoughts". He was known as the "father of Russian socialism" and one of the main fathers of agrarian populism (being an ideological ancestor of the Narodniki, Socialist-Revolutionaries, Trudoviks and the agrarian American Populist Party). He is held responsible for creating a political climate leading to the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. His autobiography My Past and Thoughts, written with grace, energy, and ease, is often considered the best specimen of that genre in Russian literature. He also published the important social novel Who is to Blame? (1845–46). He was born out of wedlock to a rich Russian landowner, Ivan Yakovlev, and a young German Protestant woman, Henriette Wilhelmina Luisa Haag from Stuttgart. Yakovlev supposedly gave his son the surname Herzen because he was a "child of his heart" (German Herz). He was born in Moscow, shortly before Napoleon's invasion of Russia and brief occupation of the city. His father, after a personal interview with Napoleon, was allowed to leave Moscow after agreeing to bear a letter from the French to the Russian emperor in St. Petersburg. His family accompanied him to the Russian lines. A year later, the family returned to Moscow, remaining there after Herzen completed his studies at Moscow University, until 1834, when he was arrested and tried on charges of having attended a festival during which verses by Sokolovsky that were uncomplimentary to the tsar, were sung. He was found guilty, and in 1835 banished to Vyatka, now Kirov, in north-eastern Russia. He remained there until the tsar's son, Alexander (later to become Alexander II) visited the city, accompanied by the poet Zhukovsky; He was allowed to leave Vyatka for Vladimir, where he was appointed editor of the city's official gazette. In 1840, he returned to Moscow, where he met literary critic Vissarion Belinsky, who was strongly influenced by him. He then obtained a post in the ministry of the interior at St Petersburg; but as a consequence of complaining about a death caused by a police officer, was sent to Novgorod, where he was a state councillor until 1842. In 1846, his father died, leaving him a large amount of property.



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  • Created by: julia&keld
  • Added: 29 Mar 2009
  • Find a Grave Memorial 35310735
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Alexander Ivanovich Herzen (6 Apr 1812–20 Jan 1870), Find a Grave Memorial no. 35310735, citing Cimetiére du Château, Nice, Departement des Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France ; Maintained by julia&keld (contributor 46812479) .