Prince of Sweden and (until 1905) or Norway. Bernadotte Dynasty. Duke of Westrogothland. Son of King Oscar II and Queen Sofia.
Through his daughters, for whom he arranged excellent dynastic marriages, he is an ancestor of many members of European royal houses today, including the monarchs of Belgium and Norway.
Carl was known as "the Blue Prince" Blå Prinsen because he often wore the blue uniform of the Life Regiment, to which he belonged.
In May 1897, Prince Carl was engaged to Princess Ingeborg of Denmark, the second daughter of King Frederick VIII of Denmark. Ingeborg's mother, Louise of Sweden, was a first cousin of Prince Carl. Nevertheless, in 1947, on the occasion of their 50th wedding anniversary, Carl admitted that their marriage had been completely arranged by their respective fathers, and Ingeborg herself added : "I married a complete stranger!".
The couple had four children.
In 1905, during the political struggle in which Norway obtained its independence from Sweden, Prince Carl was seriously considered as a candidate for the Norwegian crown. It was thought that electing a Swedish prince as king was a less radical way for Norway to secede from the union, and hence a more peaceful approach. Carl was chosen because his eldest brother would inherit the Swedish throne, and his second brother had renounced his royal status for an unconstititional marriage. Carl's father King Oscar II did not approve the proposal, as he saw the whole crisis which precipitated the Norwegian exit as a conspiracy and a betrayal against his rights as King of Norway, and did not want any of his sons to be involved with people he considered his enemies. Instead, a Danish prince was elected King Haakon VII of Norway. In time however, Carl's daughter, Princess Märtha, married Haakon VII's son, the eventual King Olav V, and King Harald V of Norway is thus Prince Carl's grandson.
Ingeborg of Sweden