James Strain died intestate in Augusta Co., VA in ABOUT 1789 in Augusta Co., VA. His birth date is unrecorded. His parents are unknown.* He married Nancy Agnes ("McClintock") in unknown place.
They had Strain Children:
John, (Nancy Henderson)
James Jr., (Mary “Patsy” Henderson)
Allen, 28 Jun 1786, below
Mary "Polly," (David Connelly) died ~1807 leaving kids Arthur, 5 & James, 7
Jinney or Jane,
Following James passing, his widow remarried in 1790 in Augusta Co., VA. On the 27th (of unknown month in 1790, "Richard Trotter and Nancy Strain, widow; surety, Danl. Early. Chalkley's Vol. 2/292.
He first appeared in Augusta Co., VA in 1780 and was connected with a Thomas Strain who also bought land this year and resided next to each other in the Buffalo area. Thomas and Elizabeth sold their land in 1781 and left the area. James stayed. Were Thomas and James brothers and both related to Thomas Strain, died 1780 in PA?
10 May 1780: Augusta Co., VA Deed Book 23, p 261, to James Strain from Wm Gibson & wife Ann, 70 acres in Augusta county on north side of Middle River of the Shenandore [sic]. Testee: Robert Poage, Alexander Reed, David Gibson, Wm Gibson & Ann Gibson.
1782 Augusta Co., VA tax lists include James Strain (plus a Robert Strahorn in Rockbridge Co.) . VA Tax Payers, 1782-1787, Augusta B Fothergill & John Mark Naugle, 1940, p 121.
1783 Botetourt Co., VA tax list includes James Strain, the list taker was Capt Robertson. ( Index to the Virginia 1783 Personal Property Tax or 1783 Land Tax List, 2015, by Debbie Duay, Florida).
17 Mar 1784, James Strain contributed 179 pounds of flour for Augusta Co. public use during the Revolutionary War (DAR eligible) . Page 1 says his claim was made in court held 19 Mar 1783, but obviously, a 2nd court date was made here. Augusta County Court Booklet, p 13.
There are many recording of court cases involving his family. Lyman Chalkley's the Chronicles of a Scots-Irish Settlement in VA, Vol. 1 and 2 record many documents below and in the Deed Books, there are also many.
He purchased and sold land in Augusta Co., VA in 1780 and 1781.
18 Dec 1792, (p 214) John Strain, orphan of James Strain, deceased, chose Andrew Keith his guardian. Order Book #22. Chalkley's 1/271.
18 Dec 1792, Andrew Keith, guardian ("ditto") of John Strain, orphan of ("ditto") Jas. Strain. Chalkley's 2/385.
Mention of his CHILDREN in Augusta Co., VA:
1785, Jno Strain (son?) is listed in Insolvents and Delinquents, A Mustoe's list. Chalkley's 2/425.
Daughter Mary Strain "of age," the daughter of James Strain, deceased was bonded to marry David Connelly on 4 Dec 1799. Chalkley's 2/332.
14 Feb 1801, Isaac Yearout and John Strain, surety. Isaac Yearout and Betsy Early, daughter of Daniel Early (consent), and she is of age. Chalkley's 2/345.
Mar 1802 (A to L), Mathew Burnet vs. John Strain and Eleanor.--Slander. Mathew was a school teacher. Chalkey's 1/421. Connected?
Son John Strain married Nancy Henderson, the daughter of Wm Henderson, Jr., in Augusta Co., VA on 22 Nov 1803. It was solemnized by Rev. John McCue. Bonded 19th. Note Nancy's Henderson family is recorded in lots of Lyman Chalkley's pages.
Son James Strain married Martha "Patsy" Henderson, the daughter of Wm Henderson, Jr., in Augusta Co., VA on 14 Nov 1806, by Rev. William King. Bonded 11th. Note: early Hendersons were recorded in Rev. Jno Craigs baptisms in Augusta Co., VA in 1740-1746.
Sep 1807, (A to Z), John Strain vs. Connelly.--James Strain, father of complainant, died intestate, 1789, leaving land. Descended to his children, Robert, James, Allen, Polly, Jinney, Nancy, Peggy and complainant. Polly married David Connelly and died, leaving Arthur Connelly and James Strain Connelly, infants of five and seven years. Chalkley's 1, p 424.
*A Historical Sketch of New Hope Church, Orange Co, N.C., by Rev. D.I. Craig, original & revised 1891, records the family connections of an acknowledged elderly man, who says David Strain's sons: John and Alexander Strain had a brother James and then James is never mentioned again. He also believed their father David was the brother of Gilbert Strayhorn, but it also is only suspected, not proven, as there appear to be 2 Davids in the same area. Many acknowledged errors in this book along with lots of good data. Still need proof to substantiate. A Strain researcher mentioned due to David Strain's 1783 will that says all my unmarried children, allowed for unknown Strains to be added like James. No James is listed, but several unmarried & married ones are. Mentioned here, because I see this James and others listed as David's son(s) without proof.
The earliest Strain in the Augusta Co., VA area was John Strain, in about 1760, was a land owner in the northern part of Augusta Co. His son Samuel was believed born there in 1762. John moved to Abbeville, SC early on. In 1795, David Strain left then Dauphin Co, (formerly Lancaster up to 1785) with his wife Elizabeth and settled in Greenville, Augusta Co., VA. Most of their family remained in the area.
I must note that in 1786, Thomas Strain, Sr.'s (Died 1780) 1766 lot in Hanover Twp., formerly Lancaster Co.,now Dauphin Co., PA was sold to Israel Earley and Wm Earley. Patented to Israel "Early," et al on Warrant to Accept H56, 211) in "1870" per the E. Hanover, PA Warrantee Tract Map. I verified this Israel Early 1825-1903 fits this date. This Early family was German, so I don't think I can connect the Early family in Augusta Co., connected with James above and his Early connection.
James's remarried wife and children moved to Jefferson Co., TN per Augusta Co., VA deed book 33, p 524, 29 Mar1804: Richard Trotter and Agnes his wife, Robert Strain, Jane Strain & Agnes Strain, heirs of James Strain deceased all of Jefferson county, Tenn. appoint John Strain of Augusta county to sell their part of land in Augusta county. Richard Trotter, Agnes Trotter, Jane Strain, Agnes Strain.
Plus 18 Dec 1807: Augusta Co., VA Deed book #34, p 257, Richard Trotter and Agnes, Robert Strain, James Strain, & Agnes Strain, all of the state of Tenn. by John Strain their attorney and John Strain and Nancy of Augusta to Isaac Yearout their parts of the estate of James Strain deceased, subject to dower of Agnes Strain their mother, who has since inter married with Richard Trotter, together with Robert Strain, Jane Strain & Agnes Strain children & heirs of James Strain - also another 1/8 part they purchased from their sister Polly Connelly's husband David Connelly. Polly is deceased, Arthur Connelly and James Strain Connelly, infant children of Polly Connelly.
* His parents are NOT David and Elizabeth Strain in Hanover Twp., Lancaster Co., PA. Nothing links them, except David's son David, Jr., moved to the same county 15 years later, purchasing land there in 1795. Note that David Strain, Sr's 3 children: David Jr., Jennet and Alexander all have children named after their siblings and this James does not have kids named after his parents David and Elizabeth, nor brother Alexander. The only child they had in common was John Strain. Traditional family naming patterns were popular during this era and began with their parent's given names. David, Sr.'s 1783 will names his children and lastly mentioned his "unmarried children," who were then William, Alexander and David and this is where some believe they could add an undocumented son, James in here with no other links. I believe David, Sr. and William and maybe others served under David's son in law Capt. James McCreight, who last lived with his mother in law, Elizabeth Strain.