A Virtual Cemetery created by Carol Hoch

Interesting Black History including Mary Allen College

AFRICAN AMERICANS. People of African descent are some of the oldest residents of Texas. Beginning with the arrival of Estevanico in 1528, African Texans have had a long heritage in the state and have worked alongside Americans of Mexican, European, and indigenous descent to make the state what it is today. The African-American experience and history in Texas has also been paradoxical. On the one hand, people of African descent have worked with others to build the state's unique cultural heritage, making extraordinary contributions to its music, literature, and artistic traditions. But on the other hand, African Americans have been subjected to slavery, racial prejudice, segregation, and exclusion from the mainstream of the state's institutions. Despite these obstacles and restrictions, their contributions to the state's development and growth have been truly remarkable.By 1840, 13,000 African Americans were enslaved in Texas. By 1850, 48,000 were enslaved, and by 1860, 169,000—30 percent of the Texas population. In this "empire for slavery," according to historian Randolph Campbell, the experience of enslaved African Americans was similar to that in other parts of the American South. The records gathered by Campbell as well as the testimony of African Americans enslaved in Texas attest to the fact that enslaved African Americans in Texas had as harsh and as easy a lot as those who were enslaved in other parts of the South. Two cases illustrate this fact. In 1861 a Canadian newspaper published the story of Lavinia Bell, a black woman who had been kidnapped at an early age and sold into slavery in Texas. She escaped from bondage and told of being forced to work naked in the cottonfields near Galveston. She also told about how after her first escape attempt, she was physically mutilated and beaten severely by her owner. Other African Americans who were enslaved in Texas told similar stories of violence and cruelty by their owners. Hundreds sought to escape, especially to Mexico. But there were also cases such as that of Joshua Houston, who was owned by Texas patriot Sam Houston. Joshua, owned initially by Houston's second wife, became an important member of Houston's family. He was treated well, taught to read and write, and prepared well for his eventual emancipation by the Houston family. After the Civil War Joshua became a politician in Huntsville, and, as if to underscore his loyalty to his former owners, on one occasion he offered to lend money to Sam Houston's widow when she faced financial difficulties.These achievements were the result of African-American Texans' ongoing struggle for equal opportunity and human dignity. African Americans have lived in the area known as Texas as long as any other ethnic group except Native Americans. Throughout their history in the state, they have contributed their blood, sweat, and hard labor to make Texas what it has become in the twenty-first century. In 2011 over 3,000,000 African-Americans lived in Texas, but they formed only 12 percent of the state's population. Two-thirds of African-American Texans lived in the Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston metropolitan areas. Nearly one million African Americans were spread across the state from Texarkana to El Paso and Amarillo to Corpus Christi. They made up significant parts of the populations in Beaumont, Port Arthur, Austin, and San Antonio. Their contributions to the history and culture of these smaller cities were just as significant as in those in the major metropolitan areas of the state. Overall, no matter where they lived in the state, African-American citizens had to work and struggle to overcome and reverse the negative aspects of the previous 450 years. In 2013 they have made major progress toward overcoming the historic paradox that made them some of the state's most productive and creative citizens, but also some of its most oppressed.

129 memorials
Page 1
 Mary Esther <I>Thompson</I> Allen

Mary Esther Thompson Allen

1837 – 3 Mar 1886
Body lost or destroyed

Dr Abraham Delaney “Abram” Armstead, Jr

25 Jan 1893 – 8 Apr 1969

Lovelady, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Sadie Ray Ash
No grave photo

Sadie Ray Ash

14 Nov 1925 – 17 Apr 2015

Trinity, Trinity County, Texas, USA

 Roberta <I>Dickson</I> Austin
No grave photo

Roberta Dickson Austin

2 Sep 1897 – 30 Jan 1973

Crockett, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Beulah <I>Nichols</I> Azie

Beulah Nichols Azie

1888 – unknown

Galveston, Galveston County, Texas, USA

 George Earnest “Buster” Banks

George Earnest “Buster” Banks

12 Dec 1919 – 19 Dec 1992

Houston County, Texas, USA

No grave photo

Henry “Black Pappy” Bell

May 1849 – 25 Mar 1926

Crockett, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Alzena <I>Love</I> Berry

Alzena Love Berry

21 May 1905 – 26 Sep 1989

Fodice, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Amanza Berry
No grave photo

Amanza Berry

10 Oct 1849 – 12 May 1937

Fodice, Houston County, Texas, USA

No grave photo

Jimmie L Brown

14 Jan 1899 – 19 Sep 1992

Crockett, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Will Nicks Brown
No grave photo

Will Nicks Brown

21 Apr 1876 – 24 Nov 1944

Crockett, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Addie <I>Coleman</I> Bryant
No grave photo

Addie Coleman Bryant

1889 – unknown

Grapeland, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Donald Earl “Duck” Burns, Sr

Donald Earl “Duck” Burns, Sr

26 Jun 1931 – 19 Apr 1995

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, USA

 Lawrence Henry Campbell

Lawrence Henry Campbell

10 Nov 1946 – 4 Dec 2014

Cuero, DeWitt County, Texas, USA

 Lee Francis <I>Randolph</I> Cleveland

Lee Francis Randolph Cleveland

3 Feb 1941 – 16 Mar 2011

Crockett, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Elizabeth “Bessie” Coleman

Elizabeth “Bessie” Coleman

26 Jan 1892 – 30 Apr 1926

Aviatrix. Generally recognized as the first...

Blue Island, Cook County, Illinois, USA

Dr Connie <I>Yerwood</I> Conner

Dr Connie Yerwood Conner

26 Dec 1907 – 11 Jun 1991

Austin, Travis County, Texas, USA

 Rufus Murchison Cooper
No grave photo

Rufus Murchison Cooper

1842 – 2 Oct 1933

Porter Springs, Houston County, Texas, USA

 Juanita Jewel <I>Shanks</I> Craft
No grave photo

Juanita Jewel Shanks Craft

9 Feb 1902 – 6 Aug 1985

Austin, Travis County, Texas, USA

Deacon Selmus Curtis

Deacon Selmus Curtis

5 Mar 1921 – 28 Sep 1995

Crockett, Houston County, Texas, USA

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