Preserving the Truth

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I have tried to protect the accurate genealogy and lineage of my own family.

I have researched my Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky for nearly two decades. My research contains a massive number of documents which prove the accurate genealogy of my family. The evidence is absolutely overwhelming. My research has been repeatedly verified by several Board-Certified genealogists, and several professional researchers and historians. It is most certainly correct.

The Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky definitely does not descend from Harman Back, from Freudenberg, Germany, or from his alleged son Henry Back (1740-1809). Harman Back only had one son, which was Harman Back Jr. (1737-1797). In fact, Henry Back (1740-1809) was directly related to the Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky; he was the brother of Joseph Back, who founded the Bach (Back) family in southeastern Kentucky, but Henry never moved to southeastern Kentucky.

The widow of Henry Back (1740-1809), Elizabeth Hoffman Back (born July 13, 1746), never moved to southeastern Kentucky either. (The cenotaph, with her name on it, in the Maggard Cemetery in KY, erected in 1988, proves that she was not buried there; in fact, most of the information on it is wrong.) After Henry died, in Culpeper County, VA, in 1809, his widow Elizabeth moved to Rockingham County, VA, to live next to her widowed sister Margaret Hoffman Back (who was married to Henry Back's brother, John Back.) Elizabeth died in Rockingham County, in 1815, and her sister Margaret died there, in 1831. They were both buried in the Elk Run Cemetery, in unmarked graves. All of this is easily proven by documents from Rockingham County. A land deed, dated 8-19-1816, proves that Elizabeth's son Aaron bought 50 acres for her, in Rockingham County, in 1809, and her sister Margaret bought the 50 acres next to it. That 1816 deed also proves that Aaron sold Elizabeth's 50 acres, on 8-19-1816, shortly after she had died. The 1810 Census Report in Rockingham County showed Elizabeth's son Aaron Back as the head of the household, and Elizabeth was indicated in the column for women age 45 and older (she was then 64). And Elizabeth was listed in all of the Tax Lists, in Rockingham County, from 1810 through 1815. (She also paid Margaret's taxes, one year.) Elizabeth never went to Kentucky, and she was never buried in the Maggard Cemetery. She died in Rockingham County, VA, in the fall of 1815, and she was buried in the Elk Run Cemetery, in Elkton.

The Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky originally came from Thuringia, Germany, and they were related to the famous musical composer, Johann Sebastian Bach. After members of the family immigrated to America, in 1740, they first settled in Culpeper County, VA, and they changed the spelling of their last name to "Back." Starting in the early 1900s, some members of the family went back to the original spelling of "Bach." That's why both spellings are used, within the family.

The Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky was established in what is now Breathitt County, in 1791, by Joseph Back (1745-1819). He and his family had migrated there, from Culpeper County. Joseph Back was the brother of Henry Back (1740-1809), who married Elizabeth Hoffman Back (born July 13, 1746); and he was also the brother of John Back (1738-1794), who married Margaret Hoffman Back (born Nov. 27, 1748). Joseph, Henry, and John were the sons of John Henry Back (1709-1789), and they lived in the far southern part of Culpeper County, along the Robinson River (which was 25 miles south of Little Fork, where Harman Back lived).

John Henry Back's German name, back in Thuringia, Germany, was Johann Heinrich Bach. In 1762, John Henry Back bought an old Bible from his cousin, Johann Christian Bach (son of Johann Sebastian Bach). When it arrived at his cabin, in Culpeper County, John Henry Back wrote in it, "We came from Thuringia." For the next 150 years, members of his family wrote their genealogy into their old Bach Family Bible. That Bible is now at the Breathitt County Library. The name and date of birth of Henry's wife, Elizabeth Hoffman Back (born July 13, 1746), was written into that Bible, which proves that she married into the family of John Henry Back (not Harman Back).

Joseph Back's wife was Elizabeth Hoffman-Maggard Back (1755-1826); she was the daughter of Nicholaus Hoffman and Barbara Elisabetha Koestnerin, but they had died when she was young. Elizabeth was then adopted by Samuel Maggard and his wife (and Elizabeth's sister Mary was adopted by Samuel's brother David Maggard and his wife). That is why modern-day researchers refer to Elizabeth's and Mary's maiden names as, "Hoffman-Maggard."

All people with the last name of Bach, or Back, whose ancestors come from southeastern Kentucky, descend from one of the four children of Joseph Back (1745-1819), and his wife, Elizabeth Hoffman-Maggard Back (1755-1826): Joseph Back Jr. (1773-1802), whose wife is unknown; John Back (1774-1854), who married Catherine Robertson; Mary Back (1777-1807), who gave birth to Alfred Back; and Henry Back (1785-1871), who married Susannah Maggard.

Joseph Back died in 1819, and he was buried beside his cabin. His wife, Elizabeth Hoffman-Maggard Back, died in 1826, and she was buried along the Cumberland River, in what later became Letcher County. The Maggard Cemetery was later created, around her grave. It was named, the Maggard Cemetery, because of her close connection to the Maggard family. However, in 1988, her gravestone was removed from the ground and discarded. It was soon retrieved and taken to the Memory Hill Cemetery, in Morgan County, KY, where it remains today, as a cenotaph.

I have tried to protect the accurate genealogy and lineage of my own family.

I have researched my Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky for nearly two decades. My research contains a massive number of documents which prove the accurate genealogy of my family. The evidence is absolutely overwhelming. My research has been repeatedly verified by several Board-Certified genealogists, and several professional researchers and historians. It is most certainly correct.

The Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky definitely does not descend from Harman Back, from Freudenberg, Germany, or from his alleged son Henry Back (1740-1809). Harman Back only had one son, which was Harman Back Jr. (1737-1797). In fact, Henry Back (1740-1809) was directly related to the Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky; he was the brother of Joseph Back, who founded the Bach (Back) family in southeastern Kentucky, but Henry never moved to southeastern Kentucky.

The widow of Henry Back (1740-1809), Elizabeth Hoffman Back (born July 13, 1746), never moved to southeastern Kentucky either. (The cenotaph, with her name on it, in the Maggard Cemetery in KY, erected in 1988, proves that she was not buried there; in fact, most of the information on it is wrong.) After Henry died, in Culpeper County, VA, in 1809, his widow Elizabeth moved to Rockingham County, VA, to live next to her widowed sister Margaret Hoffman Back (who was married to Henry Back's brother, John Back.) Elizabeth died in Rockingham County, in 1815, and her sister Margaret died there, in 1831. They were both buried in the Elk Run Cemetery, in unmarked graves. All of this is easily proven by documents from Rockingham County. A land deed, dated 8-19-1816, proves that Elizabeth's son Aaron bought 50 acres for her, in Rockingham County, in 1809, and her sister Margaret bought the 50 acres next to it. That 1816 deed also proves that Aaron sold Elizabeth's 50 acres, on 8-19-1816, shortly after she had died. The 1810 Census Report in Rockingham County showed Elizabeth's son Aaron Back as the head of the household, and Elizabeth was indicated in the column for women age 45 and older (she was then 64). And Elizabeth was listed in all of the Tax Lists, in Rockingham County, from 1810 through 1815. (She also paid Margaret's taxes, one year.) Elizabeth never went to Kentucky, and she was never buried in the Maggard Cemetery. She died in Rockingham County, VA, in the fall of 1815, and she was buried in the Elk Run Cemetery, in Elkton.

The Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky originally came from Thuringia, Germany, and they were related to the famous musical composer, Johann Sebastian Bach. After members of the family immigrated to America, in 1740, they first settled in Culpeper County, VA, and they changed the spelling of their last name to "Back." Starting in the early 1900s, some members of the family went back to the original spelling of "Bach." That's why both spellings are used, within the family.

The Bach (Back) family from southeastern Kentucky was established in what is now Breathitt County, in 1791, by Joseph Back (1745-1819). He and his family had migrated there, from Culpeper County. Joseph Back was the brother of Henry Back (1740-1809), who married Elizabeth Hoffman Back (born July 13, 1746); and he was also the brother of John Back (1738-1794), who married Margaret Hoffman Back (born Nov. 27, 1748). Joseph, Henry, and John were the sons of John Henry Back (1709-1789), and they lived in the far southern part of Culpeper County, along the Robinson River (which was 25 miles south of Little Fork, where Harman Back lived).

John Henry Back's German name, back in Thuringia, Germany, was Johann Heinrich Bach. In 1762, John Henry Back bought an old Bible from his cousin, Johann Christian Bach (son of Johann Sebastian Bach). When it arrived at his cabin, in Culpeper County, John Henry Back wrote in it, "We came from Thuringia." For the next 150 years, members of his family wrote their genealogy into their old Bach Family Bible. That Bible is now at the Breathitt County Library. The name and date of birth of Henry's wife, Elizabeth Hoffman Back (born July 13, 1746), was written into that Bible, which proves that she married into the family of John Henry Back (not Harman Back).

Joseph Back's wife was Elizabeth Hoffman-Maggard Back (1755-1826); she was the daughter of Nicholaus Hoffman and Barbara Elisabetha Koestnerin, but they had died when she was young. Elizabeth was then adopted by Samuel Maggard and his wife (and Elizabeth's sister Mary was adopted by Samuel's brother David Maggard and his wife). That is why modern-day researchers refer to Elizabeth's and Mary's maiden names as, "Hoffman-Maggard."

All people with the last name of Bach, or Back, whose ancestors come from southeastern Kentucky, descend from one of the four children of Joseph Back (1745-1819), and his wife, Elizabeth Hoffman-Maggard Back (1755-1826): Joseph Back Jr. (1773-1802), whose wife is unknown; John Back (1774-1854), who married Catherine Robertson; Mary Back (1777-1807), who gave birth to Alfred Back; and Henry Back (1785-1871), who married Susannah Maggard.

Joseph Back died in 1819, and he was buried beside his cabin. His wife, Elizabeth Hoffman-Maggard Back, died in 1826, and she was buried along the Cumberland River, in what later became Letcher County. The Maggard Cemetery was later created, around her grave. It was named, the Maggard Cemetery, because of her close connection to the Maggard family. However, in 1988, her gravestone was removed from the ground and discarded. It was soon retrieved and taken to the Memory Hill Cemetery, in Morgan County, KY, where it remains today, as a cenotaph.

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