Research began in 1985 and has led to delving into numerous mysteries. Many are solved but cryptic lineages remain and the quest will never end. Often overlooked sources: chancery, chattel, city directories, coroner's inquests, draft cards, estray, hospital admissions, Indiana State Archives, police employee files, prison files, quit rent rolls, tax lists. I highly recommend blacksheepancestors.com, DNAeXplained, DNA Painter, Eupedia, GEDmatch and GeneticHomeland.
I have an avid interest in archaeology, archaeogenetics, family history, genetic genealogy, phylogeny and segmentology. I'm always looking for information on new breakthroughs. I find funerary art intriguing as well.
There are still a number of unknown, unmarked and unregistered pioneer cemeteries and family plots that have not been thoroughly researched. One such place is in a field near the corner of Richards Rd. and Carmel Ridge Rd. in Jackson Twp., Brown Co., IN. According to a neighbor who is now in his 80's, when his father was young in the early 1900's, no one around knew who was buried in this cemetery. Another family plot is off of Haggard Rd. also in Jackson Twp. The original land owners, the Canatsey and Fesler family members, are buried at East Hill Cemetery. Perhaps, some tenants are buried here. Both cemeteries are likely from the 1820 to 1860 time frame. It is probably time for someone to research, identify and register them.
PHOTO PROJECT: Searching for photos of my great-grandfather Milton Shackelford (1875-1931) and his children: Lucian, Charles, Rose and Russell. Also, looking for photos of George and Ruth (Coon) Tutterow and their children: Sarah Pruitt d. 1928, Samuel Tutrow d. 1927 and Elizabeth Baker d. 1938.
As of 2021, I have proven descent from all 32 Third Great-Grandparents and 54 out of 64 Fourth Great-Grandparents. I am working on proving the remaining 10: McCarter/Carter, Snider, Ritter, Brown/McQuarrie, Ingham, Nunn, Cock/Cook(e), plus three unknown.
My ancestral families from the Indiana Territory phase, 1800-1816: Barnett, Fleener/Fleenor, Griesemer/Grisamore/Crismore, LaFabre/LaFavre/Lafaver/LeFebre, Batdorf/Bottorff/Puttorff/Pottorff/Potteroff, Visinand/Whisenand/Whisnant/Whisenhunt. These families were mainly from France, the Rhineland in Germany and various cantons in Switzerland and settled in Clark, Monroe and Washington counties.
New 2020 MyHeritage results: 52.9% Scandinavian, 21.5% Irish, Scottish & Welsh, 14.1% Iberian, 11.5% Italian. The Scandinavian amount likely reflects deep ancestry. Apparently, both Iberian and Italian are found in significant amounts in French ancestry. Brand new Genetic Groups maps reveal that most of the Iberian is from southern and western France.
My Mother's 2021 MyHeritage results: 58.1% Scandinavian, 26.2% Irish, Scottish & Welsh, 15.7% Italian.
New 2020 FTDNA MyOrigins V3 results: Western Europe 99% - England, Wales, Scotland 81%, Central Europe 11%, Ireland 7%; Magyar less than 1%; Sardinia less than 1%. Magyar locations include: Austria, Hungary, Romania - Banat, Crișana, Transylvania, Serbia and Slovakia.
My Mother's FTDNA results: England, Wales, Scotland 35%, Central Europe 33%, Ireland 24%, Magyar 6%, Greece and Balkans 2%.
My Father's inferred ethnic background using FTDNA categories and close relatives results: England, Wales, Scotland over 50%; Italian Peninsula, Basque, Sardinia and possibly a few others.
DNA Land results: Northwest European 68% includes Scottish Argyll Bute, British, Icelandic, Norwegian, Orcadian, Irish; South/Central European 17% includes Italian - Bergamo, Tuscany, Toscani; North Slavic 8.4% includes Belarusian, Estonian, Lithuanian, Mordovian, Russian, Ukrainian; Sardinian 5.7%; Southwestern European 1.1% includes Basque, Southern French and Iberian.
My father's phased MDLP World results show: Mesoamerican 0.80% while mine show 0.46%. The Mesoamerican is likely Arawak or Taino from the Caribbean, Florida and possibly Georgia. The Timucua tribe of northern Florida may be involved; incidentally, the French Huguenot made contact with them in 1564. My father's phased results for World-22 show 0.55% South American Amerind and for another test show Mesoamerican at 1.11%. One test checks positive for the Karitiana tribe in the Amazon. If you factor in family tradition, there is a case for at least a little Native American ancestry.
Origins per FTDNA choropleth map & genealogy: UNITED KINGDOM - ENGLAND Devonshire, Hampshire, Liverpool, London - East End, Manchester, Norwich, Warwick, NORTHERN IRELAND, SCOTLAND Berwickshire, Caithness, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness, Moray, Roxburgshire, Shetland, Strathnaver; FRANCE Alsace-Lorraine, Arles, Burgundy, Champagne-Ardenne, Franche-Comté, La Rochelle, Nice, Provence, Rhône-Alpes, Rouen, Sédan; GERMANY Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Black Forest, Cologne (Köln), Düsseldorf, Esslingen am Neckar, Harz Mountains, Heidelberg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Stuttgart, Zaberfeld; IRELAND; ISLE OF MAN; SWITZERLAND; ITALY - Piedmont/Piemonte, Sardinia/Sardegna, Sicily, Veneto; AUSTRIA; HUNGARY; BELGIUM; NETHERLANDS; SCANDINAVIA.
My ancestors run the gamut and include Black Dutch, Druids, Languedoc Huguenots, Manx, Masons, Melungeons, Piedmont Waldensians, Puritans, Swiss Mennonites, Dunkard Brethern, United Brethern, Walloons. Remote Huguenot progenitors may include: Cathars, Valdens/Waldensians, Bogomils, Armenian Paulicians, Manichaeans, Dualists, Zoroastrians. Ancient ancestors may include Phrygians and other Anatolians, Tushetians.
Intriguing HarappaWorld test results: NE-Euro 46.59%, Mediterranean 34.21%, Caucasian 8.73%, Baloch 7.86%, SW-Asian 1.93%, (Native) American 0.34%. French is shown as the closest Single Population Sharing source. The Harappa Civilization existed ≈ 4K YBP. I surmise that the Mediterranean amount is higher than average. My K36 test shows 16.96% Italian and 2.59% W Med. Other likely Mediterranean ancestors include the Carthaginians, Luwians, Lydians, Natufians, Phoenicians and possibly the Sea Peoples. My Ancient Eurasia K6 test shows a 37.92% Natufian result.
FTDNA Ancient Euro Origins results: Farmer 46%, Hunter-Gatherer 44%, Metal Age Invader 10%. The Invader category is associated with the Yamnaya culture and Y-haplogroup R1b. Since my results show R1b then I am quite possibly a descendant of the Yamnaya.
Diving deeper into the resources available at GEDmatch, my results reveal a bit of Neanderthal ancestry. A comparison of my kit and kit F999902 (Altai N., Siberia 50 KYA) shows that I share 0.21% of the relevant autosomal SNPs. Comparison with a kit for a Paleo Eskimo sample from Greenland, 4k ybp, shows that I share ≈ 2.34% in the centiMorgan count.
Not every ancestor in one's genealogic family tree is also in one's genetic family tree. So, you don't inherit genes from every ancestor. An excellent article on this subject: http://www.thegeneticgenealogist.com/2013/11/05/understanding-autosomal-dna-with-just-a-few-basic-tenets/. See: http://gcbias.org/2013/11/04/how-much-of-your-genome-do-you-inherit-from-a-particular-ancestor/. According to research by Genetic Interference, at 10 generations back, only 120 of your 1024 genealogical ancestors are genetic ancestors. Recommended reading: Forensic Genealogy by Colleen Fitzpatrick, PhD.
My Y-DNA M269 SNP Backbone test results reveal that my Merriman family belongs to: Haplogroup R1b-U152 L2, likely of North Italic origin. The closest match is to the Da Soler/Soller surname of Treviso, Veneto, Italy. There is a good possibility that the family is of North Italian or Venetian origin and possibly came to Britain during Roman times. Further SNP testing may answer this intriguing question. There appear to be DNA connections to Stockport, Manchester, UK; incidentally, Roman legions were once in that area.
Some surnames that likely connect in the distant past include Guasconi, Hagi, Kozakiewicz, Piccolo, Rendell, Zanolari - R-FGC10543. These surnames originate in England, Italy, Poland and Switzerland.
A careful comparison of my results to those of most other Merrimans & Merrymans shows they do not connect through genetic testing.
New research in 2021 reveals possible genetic ties to the Merrimans of Sandhurst, Berkshire, UK.
Possible surname meanings: 1) one who was in the service of a knight or outlaw; 2) one who had a pleasant attitude.
My London Merriman ancestors resided in the older wards of the city and the East End: Aldgate, Aldersgate, Coleman St. and Cripplegate wards, Cheapside, Clerkenwell, Stepney, the Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel. Some of these wards are in the same area as ancient Londinium. In the 1630's James and John Merryman set sail from Gravesend, a port city just east of London. They first settled along the James River in James City Co., Charles City Co., York Co., Virginia Colony.
MERRYMAN/MERRIMAN - Almond Branch Brice/Bryce of Scotland and London Cocke Harris - I-M253 James Jefferson Jordan Larcome Littlebury Patras Place/Plaisse of France and London - R1a M198 Z2123 Pleasants/Pleasence - J-M172 Z1043 Sherwood Stewart
SOBLET/SUBLETT - French Huguenots - Brian(t) D'Orleans Gerard/Giraud Lespine Lombard Poupart De Neuflize Renaudin Vallet
SUBLETT line autosomal DNA matches: Beaudoin Chastain/Chasteen David Gabriel Goldman Michaux de Maillezais, J-M172/J-M67 Rochet
HEUDEBOURG/HUDIBURG - I1-Z140 French Huguenots - De La Croix Ferre Lendre Carter/McCarter Reno/Reynaud-R1b L23 R-BY35061
HUDIBURG line autosomal DNA matches: Correia (Azores) Ramirez
FRANKLIN of VA, KY, AL, IN - Hamilton of Scotland, NC, KY and Morgan Co., IN Henry LAIR/LEAR - R1b U-152 BY202512 Rus/Rush Tanner
TUTTEROW/TUTROW/DUTROW/DUTRO/DOTTERER/TEDROW(E) - R1b-U152 DF99 from Baden-Württemberg - Baker Carleton Hendst Marke Schlegel/Slagle -E-M35 WHITAKER
TUTTEROW distant y-DNA matches and surnames in same subclade: Daniel (France) Frantz (Baden) Hamilton (Scotland) Marinelli (South Tyrol-Trentino, Italy) Markey Rosenkrans (Bergen, Norway) Sinacori (Santa Ninfa, Trapani, Italy) Winn
COON/COEN/COONEN/COENEN/KUHN/KOENEN/KUONEN– R1b-U152 L2 from Limberg, Netherlands - It is likely that the Coons came from Switzerland and were originally Swiss Mennonites who migrated to the Netherlands and then to New York and Germantown, PA. The original spelling appears to be Kuonen - Buoss Burri Hartsvelder/Hatfield Hirzing Kiesel Klinken/Klinchen Kunders/Cunread/Coonrod Ruchti Salzman(n) Schwartz SNIDER/SNIJDER/SCHNEIDER Stauffer Streypers VonGunten Zimmerman
COON line autosomal DNA matches: Asher Binnegar Kunkel/Kunkle(r)/Kinkel
FLEINER/FLEENER/FLENER/FLEENOR - R-U106, R-U198 from Baden-Württemberg; R-U198 is of Germanic origin and is associated with Germans of the Rhine Valley, Dutch, Flemish and perhaps the ancient Franks - Bauer Bolling Cowan Eitel/Idol Greisemer/Grisamore/Crismore Hensley Hoffman Johnson Kennon Knox Köhler McClung MCCOY/MACKAY/MCKAY Minnick/Muench Richardson Scott Zimmerman Zugk
FULKERSON/Volckertzen - I-M253 from Norway; Cuvelier Huycken/Huyken Langelaen Phillipse Swartz Van Cleave/Van Cleef Vejle Vigne Willijard
DAVIDSON/Clann Dàidh of Ulster and Scotland, probably of Scandinavian origin; surnames that connect through autosomal DNA testing include Höglund Isaksson Jahnsen Svensson
CAMPBELL – Argyll, Scotland – Anderson Conner Corbin - I-M253 Cornstalk/Shawnee Edgar McCammack McDonald Reed Riddle/Riddell Rigg Scott (Possible Dutch or German family in this line)
NEAL(E) - England, R1a-L664-S3477-S4428, Bolling CHITWOOD/CHETWOOD Corley Cowan Deweese Emmett/Emot Evans Ewen Morgan Muse Percy Powhatan Poythress Questenberg/Quisenberry Randolph Richardson Rolfe Scott Slinker Stephens/Staffen Suchtelin Thomas Trowbridge Wisdom Wright Yekovich
BARNETT(E)/Barnhart - Batdorf/Bottorff/Potteroff/Puttorff Briegal de Valois Feg Hautz Herbert Koch Koontz Walborn Zeller
YOUNG – Scotland, Aramu/Ramus/Ramos Boucquet Bunch – Melungeon Cowan Jacobs/Hartje McClung Mellin Neff Reyniers Sumi Suydam Van Cycle/Van Sickle(n) – Dutch w/N. American Van Der Beek Van Gelre Van Haarlem Van Sallee w/Moroccan Visinant/Whisenand Willson – Melungeon Wright
ROBERTSON - Chapman Deckern Hoppe(s) Reickert/Reichart/Richards Stanley Switzer/Swisher
Paternal DNA matches: Ammann CASTEEL/CASTEL/CASTILLERO/COSTELLO Coker Cooper COX (VA) Dutton Farrow Hofmann/Hoffman McDaniel/McDonald/MacDonnell (WV) McPherson Parrott/Perot Painter/Paynter/Pointer/Poynter J-M172 Robinson Scally Thompson Triplett Webb
7th Great-Grandmother: Mary Elizabeth Anderson, b. 1719, Somerset Co., MD; mtDNA unknown. The Andersons possibly lived in New Sweden in the 1600's under the Andersson surname spelling.
BONRODT/POENRADT/PENROD/PENROSE - Pennsylvania Dutch, Y-DNA: R1b DF27 Z198 A478 Y60285 from Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Z198 A478 connections: Trail of Aberdeenshire, Scotland and Andrews of Northern Ireland.
PENROD line - Barron Brant Delbert Dieter Flam Klein Neff RITTER/REITER from Hesse and Baden-Württemberg Shonts/Tchantz from Switzerland Vossen Zaugg/Zook
PENROD line autosomal DNA matches: Berkey/Berki/Burgi Bumbacco/Bumbico Diamond/Dimon Ferre Layman/Lehman Miller/Mueller/Muller Mischler/Mishler Morales Rosen/Rosenberger Saylor/Seiler/Syler/Sylor Zaug/Zug/Zook
FEATHERSTON(E) – J-M172 J2a1 Z387 L70 from Packwood, Warwickshire, England - Arnold Bennett Brasseur Chapman Elmore Fields Goode Green(e) Lyndon Pymbrough Tarpley Wright
FEATHERSTON(E) distant y-DNA matches: Hollingsworth (Hertford, Eng.) Parisi (Sicily) Koplatadze (Georgia) Gerardi Mangieri Silva (Azores)
EUDALY - G-L140 French Huguenot or Italian origin (alternatively of Irish origin) - Brasseur Elam Elmore Goode Jones Mackerness Perrin Tarpley Woodson - DNA matches: Bourgeois de la Chaumette/Shumate Moreno Reno/Reynaud
HUSTON/HOUSTON - R1b - Strathclyde British from Scotland and later Ulster - Boyd Brown(e) Carter Majory McArthur MCNEAL/MCNEIL/MCILPHEDER R1b L21 Z39589 L1335 FT31910 Ó Cuinneagán/Cunningham Patterson Woodruff - Likely McMillan/McMillian/McMillion/McMillin of NY & Scotland
HARDIN/ possibly HARDING of PA- Carter FAIRBAIRN/FREEBORN/FREEBURN of Roxburghshire, Scotland Ingham/Ingram
SHACKELFORD, Y-DNA: R1b U106, likely of Anglo-Saxon origin, from Old Alresford, Hampshire, England - Byrd Carter COSBY Crewes deSay Despencer Garland Grubbs Horsmanden Jennings Jouett/Juett Landon Lewis Loftus Moore Muncus O'Hearne/Hearn Palmer Percy Polk Price Pruden Saint Leger Seymour Wentworth Wingfield Yancey
De BURGO/BURK - from Ireland, possibly of Norman French origin - Anderson Barker Breeden/Breeding Cock or Cook George Hurst McCormack McKinney NUNN Wharton
PERRY - R1b, Puritans from Farnborough, Hampshire, England, MA VA NC KY IN - Amos Anderson Bassano CALLAWAY/CALLOWAY/GALLOWAY Clark(e) Collett Cox CRAIN - R1a1a DANIEL Day Ditto Grizzle - House of Stewart - Lanier ÓGORMÁIN/O'GORMAN/GORMAN Reeves/Rives Rowland Sanders Schmidt/Smith Spires Symons WOOTEN/WOOTON/WOODEN Yancey
SPARKS - from Hampshire, England, MD NC KY IA - Boyer Hawkins Jans Jefferson Mottrom Pope Robinson Sample Washington Wright
GORMAN line autosomal DNA matches: Bennett Golden Kelly Kennedy McMahan/McMahon/Mahon McNamara Whatley/Wheatley
Other Maternal DNA matches: Allison/Ellison/McAllister Andersdotter Asher Acheson/Atkinson/Etchison BERRY Boone Brennan BREWSTER Brock Canatsey/Knortzer Carrico Chamblee Cooper Costello(e)/MacOisdealbhaigh Dodd Dragulia (Transylvania) Drake Drummond Greenfield HANSEN/HANSON Ingram #2 Jacobsdatter Jeter Larsson Martin McClain/McClean/McLean McGee McGuiness Nelson/Nilsson Noble Olsen SHIELDS - Van Valkenburg - Van Vliet - Van Zan(d)t/Vinzant
Maternal and Paternal DNA matches to Protestant families of Provence, France. These are primarily Huguenot and Waldensian families: Bernard Bertin Cavalier Colletin Gaudin Martin Maynard Paris Perrin Perrotet Reyne Rossignol Roux Seguin Serre
Family centenarians: Anna Featherston 100, Cornelius "Neal" McCoy 101, Ruth T. (Fleener) Voorheis 103, Elisha Eudaly 104, John Cosby 106, John Richards 111, Collin McKinney 112.
Searching for Penrod/Penrose family Bible; last owned by Dorothy Knox of Crawfordsville.
Search memorial contributions by Frank Merriman