Lorenzo Brieba

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On Death..

"How you die is more important than how you live."

A 'Ushabtis' is a burial figure left in the tomb of the dead to serve as servants in the afterlife:
"Illumine the Osiris I, whose word is truth. Hail, Shabti. If the Osiris I be decreed to do any of the work which is to be done in the Khert-Neter (i.e. the cemetery), let everything which standeth in the way be removed from him – or to carry sand from (the East to the West). 'Here am I', you shall say, 'I shall do it.'"

A 'Death Camera' is desensitized to all the horrors the profession entails.

Sometimes it's the things that aren't there - the graves that were purposely erased to remove memory that make the biggest impact.

You shouldn't have to use imagination to uncover historical layers but be moved by what is not there.

You can tell almost everything about a person by just knowing where they were born and how they died.

'Cryptic-Social Photography' is styled towards destroying all legends as an ultimate point in life by finishing them off in death and resurrecting those buried in unmarked graves or unknown locations after authorities’ efforts to hide the burial sites backfires on them.

The scenario of the former unknown grave sites of Benito Mussolini & Ernesto 'Che' Guevara are reminders of this.

The vitality of a grave's location rapidly becomes a matter of intense interest in that as long as the grave doesn’t exist, a corpse that is nowhere is everywhere., which is the case with Alexander the Great, Scipio Africanus, Genghis Khan, Marco Polo, Crazy Horse, Butch Cassidy & the Sundance Kid.

Still today certain graves such as that of Rudolf Hess are purposely entirely erased. Hess's grave was re-opened on 20 July 2011 and his remains were exhumed and cremated. His ashes were scattered at sea; the gravestone, which bore the epitaph "Ich hab's gewagt" ("I have dared"), was destroyed.

The Honor Temples (Ehrentempel) were two structures in Munich, erected in 1935, housing the sarcophagi of the sixteen members (the Blutzeugen, "blood witnesses") of the Nazi party who had been killed in the failed Beer Hall Putsch.

On July 5, 1945 the American occupying army removed the bodies from the Ehrentempel and contacted their families. They were given the option of having their loved ones buried in unmarked graves or family plots in Munich cemeteries or having them cremated.
The columns of the structures were recycled into brake shoes for municipal buses and new material for art galleries damaged in the war. The sarcophagi were melted down and given to the Munich tram service who used it for soldering material to repair rail and electrical lines damaged by the war.

On January 9, 1947 the main architectural features of the temples were destroyed by the U.S. Army as part of denazification. The upper parts of the structures were blown up. The centre portion was subsequently partially filled in but often filled with rain water which created a natural memorial.

When Germany was reunited there were plans made for a biergarten, restaurant, or café on the site of the Ehrentempel but these were derailed by the growth of rare biotope vegetation on the site.
As a result of this, the temples were spared complete destruction and the foundation bases of the monuments remain, intersecting on the corner of Briennerstrasse and Arcisstrasse.

In the intermittent period of the 1947 destruction and 1990 handover, basements (hitherto unknown to the Americans) were uncovered beneath the structures. A small plaque added in 2007 explains their function.

Needless to say according to the Quaker belief that death equalizes everyone, graves and stones can be unmarked, such as the graves of Jack London & Jacob Riis.

A great boulder marks the grave of Lloyd George. There is no inscription. However a monument designed by the architect Sir Clough Williams-Ellis was subsequently erected around the grave, bearing an englyn (strict-metre stanza) engraved on slate in his memory.
Nearby stands the Lloyd George Museum, opened in 1963.

A grave, such as Titian, is interred in the Basilica di Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, lying near his own famous painting, the Madonna di Ca' Pesaro. No memorial marked his grave. Much later the Austrian rulers of Venice commissioned Antonio Canova to sculpt a large monument.

Yet there are those like Woody Guthrie who choose to be cremated and are neither. Ashes dumped in the ocean off Coney Island.
Zero Mostel on the other hand in accordance with his final request, did not stage a funeral or memorial service. He was cremated and the location of his ashes are not publicly known.

Rudyard Kipling told stories of places through his poetry, such as the poem "Lichtenberg" which relates the impact of a combatant and his journey towards death in a foreign land having a legacy far beyond a rusting cross at the Lichtenburg cemetery.

At the beginning of World War I, Kipling also wrote poems which supported the war, that Britain was standing up for the cause of good.
Kipling was asked by the British government to write propaganda, an offer he immediately accepted. His pamphlets and stories were very popular with the British people during the war with his major themes glorifying the British military as the place for heroic men to be.

Kipling's son, John had wanted to join the Royal Navy, but was turned down after a failed medical exam. He opted for military service as an Army officer, but his eyesight was an issue. He tried to enlist twice, but was rejected.
His father being lifelong friends with Lord Roberts, Colonel of the Irish Guards, at Rudyard's request, John was accepted.

John Kipling would be killed in action at the Battle of Loos on September 1915, at age 18.
He was last seen stumbling through the mud blindly, screaming in agony after an exploding shell had ripped his face apart.
A body identified as his was not found until 1992, although that identification had been challenged.

In January 2016 it was announced that the mystery of the whereabouts of John’s body had been solved and that he had been buried some distance away from the battlefield.

After his son's death, Kipling wrote, "If any question why we died/ Tell them, because our fathers lied."

In response to John's death, Kipling joined the Imperial War Graves Commission, the group responsible for garden-like British war graves found along the former Western Front and other locations around the world where troops of the British Empire lie buried.

Kipling’s poem "The King's Pilgrimage" (1922) depicts a journey which King George V made, touring the cemeteries and memorials under construction.

Kipling's most significant contribution to the project was his selection of the biblical phrase "Their Name Liveth For Evermore" (Ecclesiasticus 44.14, KJV) found on the Stones of Remembrance in larger war cemeteries and his suggestion of the phrase "Known unto God" for the gravestones of unidentified servicemen.
He chose the inscription "The Glorious Dead" on the Cenotaph, Whitehall, London.
Kipling penned an inscription for the Honored Dead Memorial (Siege Memorial) in Kimberley.

Kipling's short story, "The Gardener", depicts visits to war cemeteries.

Archimedes of Syracuse (287 – c. 212 BC) a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola.

He is credited with designing innovative machines, such as his screw pump, compound pulleys, and defensive war machines to protect his native Syracuse from invasion.

Archimedes died during the Siege of Syracuse when he was killed by a Roman soldier despite orders that he should not be harmed. Cicero describes visiting the tomb of Archimedes, which was surmounted by a sphere and a cylinder, which Archimedes had requested to be placed on his tomb, representing his mathematical discoveries.

Dr. William Luther Pierce III (September 11, 1933 – July 23, 2002) wrote "The Fame of a Dead Man's Deeds" (2001). The book's title was taken from Pierce's favorite quote, an Old Norse proverb from the Hávamál in the Poetic Edda:

Cattle die,
kinsmen die
you yourself die;
I know one thing
which never dies:
the judgment of a dead man's life.

Leading an interesting life does not mean anything if you do not have an interesting death.

“How you die, when you die, where you die, and why you die, determines how you lived"

S.P.E.C.T.E.R. - G.H.O.S.T.S. 13th Group
'Never Negotiate - Nothing Remains'
"Inoiz Negoziatzeko - Deus Geratzen"


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