Scottish Monarch. Born Máel Coluim mac Eanric, the son of Ada de Warenne and Henry, Earl of Huntington, the only son of David I of Scotland, he succeeded David I, his grandfather, when he was about 12 years old. He was crowned King of Scotland on May 24, 1153 at Scone Abbey, taking the title of King Malcolm IV of Scotland. He met with Henry II of England at Chester in 1157, where he ratified the Treaty of Chester and relinquished Scottish claims to Cumbria, Westmorland and Northumbria in return for his father's English title, Earl of Huntington. As a possible result of this unpopular treaty, he was forced to supress a significant rebellion in Moray, and then another led by King of the Isles, Someled in 1164. Malcolm was noted for his religiosity and interest in knighthood and warfare. Some contemporaries believed that he had the qualities of a good king, however, for much of his reign he was in poor health and he died young while at Jedburgh, reportedly due to excessive fasting stemming from his religious zeal, though modern scholars also suggest his death might have been the result of a chronic disorder called Paget's disease. He was probably the last Gaelic speaking monarch of Scotland. He had not married but allegedly left an illegitimate son, and as the boy could not inherit, Malcolm was succeeded by his brother, William I.
Bio by: Iola