James was born in South Carolina on 10 October 1826, the eldest son of John and Margaret Bagwell of Pickens District, South Carolina. He was married Patsy Caroline Whitmire (30 Oct. 1832-aft. 1890) on 25 January 1848 in Henderson County, North Carolina.
James enlisted in the Confederate States Army on 19 March 1863 in Brevard, North Carolina. He was mustered as a Private in Company K, 62nd North Carolina Infantry. He was captured on 9 September 1863 at Cumberland Gap, Tennessee and sent to a prison in Kentucky and then transferred to Camp Douglas, Illionois. He died as a prisoner of war at Camp Douglas on 20 December 1864 as a result of remittent fever. He originally was buried at Chicago City Cemetery, block 2, grave 295. After the war his remains were exhumed and reinterred in the Confederate Mound (mass grave) at Oak Woods Cememtery in Chicago, Illinois.
His eldest son, John Christopher Bagwell (b. Nov. 1848), joined the CSA in North Carolina at age 16 but have been able to locate a service record for him. John survived the war.
1860 United States Federal Census
Name: Adolphus Bagwell
Age in 1860: 35
Birth Year: abt 1825
Birthplace: South Carolina
Home in 1860: Henderson, North Carolina
Post Office: East Fork
Household Members - Name/Age:
Adolphus Bagwell 35
Caroline Bagwell 25
John Bagwell 13
Sarah Bagwell 11
Alfred Bagwell 9
Steven Bagwell 7
Andrew Bagwell 5
U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865
Name: James Adolphus Bagwell
Residence: Brevard, North Carolina
Age at enlistment: 35
Enlistment Date: 19 Mar 1863
Rank at enlistment: Private
Enlistment Place: Brevard, North Carolina
State Served: North Carolina
Survived the War?: No
Service Record: Enlisted in Company K, North Carolina 62nd Infantry Regiment on 19 Mar 1863.Mustered out on 20 Dec 1864 at Camp Douglas, Chicago, IL.
Birth Date: 10 Oct 1826
Sources: Information provided by HDS subscribers