Nobel Prize Recipient. John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh of Terling Place, a British physicist, who was known for being the discoverer of the inert gas Argon, and for being the first to explain, through his “Theory of Scattering,” why the the sky is blue. After graduating from Cambridge University, in 1879 he was appointed Professor of Physics at the same university. His research has spaced in different branches of physics. The studies of the phenomenon of capillarity and surface tension, the phenomenon of the scattering of light and the nature of the colors, are considered fundamental for the fluid dynamics and the optic sciences. In 1894, advancing the understanding of the density of the gas, he discovered the existence of the argon gas in the atmosphere, this discovery which in 1904 earned him the Nobel Prize for Physics as well as several prestigious awards including Copley, Royal, and Rumford Medals of the Royal Society. Strutt was also President of the Royal Society, and in 1908 became Rector of the University of Cambridge. During his career, he published numerous works, including "The Becquerel Rays and the Properties of Radium," "The Theory of Sound" and six volumes of scientific papers.
Bio by: Lucy & Chris