Advertisement

 Lord Carnarvon

Advertisement

Lord Carnarvon Famous memorial

Birth
Highclere, Basingstoke and Deane Borough, Hampshire, England
Death
5 Apr 1923 (aged 56)
Cairo, El Qahira, Egypt
Burial
Highclere, Basingstoke and Deane Borough, Hampshire, England
Plot
Overlooking the Castle Grounds
Memorial ID
9785543 View Source

British Aristocracy. Born George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, the son of Henry Howard Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon and Lady Evelyn Stanhope. He was styled Lord Porchester until inheriting the title of 5th Earl of Carnarvon at his father's death in 1890. He married Almina Victoria Maria Alexandra Wombwell in 1895 and with her had two children. He was a sponsor of horse races, and an early advocate of automobile racing. In 1901, a serious automobile accident in Germany severely damaged his health, and it was recommended he winter abroad. He visited Egypt for the first time in 1903, and developed an intense interest in Egyptology during his stay. His initial adventure into excavation convinced him to rely on more experienced diggers, and he was in a position to support them financially. He threw his patronage behind Egyptologist, Howard Carter. In their first season together, Carter discovered the decorated tomb of Tetiky, an 18th Dynasty mayor of Thebes, and another tomb containing wooden tablets inscribed with the precepts of Ptahhotep; a series of instructions for moral guidance, and the text on the expulsion of the Hyksos by a 17th Dynasty pharaoh. A concession - which gave them the privilege to excavate - came from the Egyptian government, and granting a concession could become very political, something more easily handled by Carnarvon than Carter. Their early success led to an expanded concession, and subsequent seasons led to the discovery a series of important private tombs dating from the end of the Middle Kingdom to the beginning of the New Kingdom, and temples built by Hatshepsut and Ramses IV, as well as the tomb believed to have been prepared for the pharaoh Amenhotep I and his mother, Ahmose-Nofretiri. Their goal, however, was to obtain a concession to dig in the Valley of the Kings. In 1915, the holder of the Valley of the Kings concession abandoned it, believing the Valley exhausted. Carnarvon snapped it up, and set Carter to work in Amenhotep III's tomb. Between 1917 and 1921, Carter focused his energies, and Carnarvon's finances, on finding the elusive tomb of Tutankhamen. After fruitless seasons, however, Carnarvon's enthusiasm began to wane. After an impassioned plea from Carter, Carnarvon gave the concession just one more season of financing. On 4 November 1922, three days after starting the season, Carter discovered the top of a sunken staircase. Carnarvon was summoned from England and was present two weeks later when the shaft was fully excavated. It proved to be the entry to Tutankhamen's tomb. The treasure trove that was Tutankhamen's tomb is as yet unsurpassed in the history of Egyptian archaeology. Following the official opening of the tomb, Lord Carnarvon departed for Aswan for a rest. An insect bite on his face became infected, and sepsis followed. In an age of no antibiotics, the illness was debilitating enough to confine him to bed. Arrangements were made for him to be moved to the Continental-Savoy Hotel in Cairo, but he quickly declined, developing pneumonia to which he then succumbed. His body was returned to England, and laid to rest in a tomb in an ancient hill fort overlooking his family seat.

British Aristocracy. Born George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, the son of Henry Howard Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon and Lady Evelyn Stanhope. He was styled Lord Porchester until inheriting the title of 5th Earl of Carnarvon at his father's death in 1890. He married Almina Victoria Maria Alexandra Wombwell in 1895 and with her had two children. He was a sponsor of horse races, and an early advocate of automobile racing. In 1901, a serious automobile accident in Germany severely damaged his health, and it was recommended he winter abroad. He visited Egypt for the first time in 1903, and developed an intense interest in Egyptology during his stay. His initial adventure into excavation convinced him to rely on more experienced diggers, and he was in a position to support them financially. He threw his patronage behind Egyptologist, Howard Carter. In their first season together, Carter discovered the decorated tomb of Tetiky, an 18th Dynasty mayor of Thebes, and another tomb containing wooden tablets inscribed with the precepts of Ptahhotep; a series of instructions for moral guidance, and the text on the expulsion of the Hyksos by a 17th Dynasty pharaoh. A concession - which gave them the privilege to excavate - came from the Egyptian government, and granting a concession could become very political, something more easily handled by Carnarvon than Carter. Their early success led to an expanded concession, and subsequent seasons led to the discovery a series of important private tombs dating from the end of the Middle Kingdom to the beginning of the New Kingdom, and temples built by Hatshepsut and Ramses IV, as well as the tomb believed to have been prepared for the pharaoh Amenhotep I and his mother, Ahmose-Nofretiri. Their goal, however, was to obtain a concession to dig in the Valley of the Kings. In 1915, the holder of the Valley of the Kings concession abandoned it, believing the Valley exhausted. Carnarvon snapped it up, and set Carter to work in Amenhotep III's tomb. Between 1917 and 1921, Carter focused his energies, and Carnarvon's finances, on finding the elusive tomb of Tutankhamen. After fruitless seasons, however, Carnarvon's enthusiasm began to wane. After an impassioned plea from Carter, Carnarvon gave the concession just one more season of financing. On 4 November 1922, three days after starting the season, Carter discovered the top of a sunken staircase. Carnarvon was summoned from England and was present two weeks later when the shaft was fully excavated. It proved to be the entry to Tutankhamen's tomb. The treasure trove that was Tutankhamen's tomb is as yet unsurpassed in the history of Egyptian archaeology. Following the official opening of the tomb, Lord Carnarvon departed for Aswan for a rest. An insect bite on his face became infected, and sepsis followed. In an age of no antibiotics, the illness was debilitating enough to confine him to bed. Arrangements were made for him to be moved to the Continental-Savoy Hotel in Cairo, but he quickly declined, developing pneumonia to which he then succumbed. His body was returned to England, and laid to rest in a tomb in an ancient hill fort overlooking his family seat.

Bio by: Iola


Inscription

5TH EARL OF CARNARVON

DISCOVERER OF THE TOMB OF
KING TUTANKHAMEN
NOVEMEBER 1922
IN COLLABORATION WITH
HOWARD CARTER


Flowers

In their memory
Plant Memorial Trees

Advertisement

Advertisement

How famous was Lord Carnarvon?

Current rating:

104 votes

Sign-in to cast your vote.