Pedro II

Pedro II

Birth
Lisbon, Lisboa Municipality, Lisboa, Portugal
Death 9 Dec 1706 (aged 58)
Alcantara, Lisboa Municipality, Lisboa, Portugal
Burial Lisbon, Lisboa Municipality, Lisboa, Portugal
Memorial ID 9705460 · View Source
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Portuguese Monarch. He reigned as King of Portugal from 1683 to 1706. His parents were king João IV and his queen Luisa de Guzmão.He was appointed regent of Portugal for his insane brother Afonso VI 1668 - shortly after Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence. Pedro first locked his brother away, but then came to the throne in his own right after the death of Afonso VI in 1683. Around this time, the discovery of silver mines in Brazil enlarged Pedro's treasury to an ectent that he was able to dismiss the Cortes in 1697 and rule without it's revenue grants for the rest of his reign.Initially Pedro II supported France in the war of Spanish Succession (1702-1715), but on May 16, 1703 Portugal and Britain signed the famous Methuen treaty. This trade accord granted mutual commercial privileges for Portuguese wine and English textile traders and would later give Britain huge clout in the Portuguese economy. this was followed in December 1703 by a military alliance between Portugal, Austria and Great Britian for an invasion of Spain. Portuguese and Allied forces had captured Madrid and had later been expelled again. Pedro II not only took his brother's throne but also his wife, queen Marie-Francoise of Savoy. They had one daughter, Crownprincess Isabella Luisa. The queen died shortly after Isabella's birth in 1683, and because the princess was a fragile and sick child, the king decided to marry again. This time the chosen was Maria Sophia, daughter of Pfalzgraf Philipp Wilhelm von Neuburg. Her other sisters were empress Eleonore, the wife of the Roman emperor Leopold I of Austria and queen Maria Anna, wife of the last Habsburg king of Spain, Carlos II. The marriage between Pedro II and Maria Sophia was well succeeded, and they had six children, inlcuding the new heir to the throne, João, who eventually succeeded his father after his death in 1706 as king João V of Portugal.

Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen



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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Benny Chordt Hansen
  • Added: 24 Oct 2004
  • Find a Grave Memorial 9705460
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Pedro II (26 Apr 1648–9 Dec 1706), Find a Grave Memorial no. 9705460, citing Sao Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Lisboa Municipality, Lisboa, Portugal ; Maintained by Find A Grave .