Author. He is regarded as one of the most powerful satirists of the 20th century. He wrote essays, political and cultural commentaries, drama criticism, book reviews, poems and novels. His ardent criticism was directed at German nationalism and militarism and at the growing Nazi movement. One of his most important works is "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles", 1929 (in English 1972), a book containing prose, poetry and several photos. It is a satiric description of the Weimar republic. He also wrote romantic idylls, the most famous being the novel "Schloss Gripsholm," 1931 (Swedish translation 1957 "Gripsholms slott," in English 1985 "Castle Gripsholm")After 1929 Tucholsky lived in Sweden. In 1933 he was deprived of his German citizenship by the nazis and his books were burnt. Possibly in a deep depression over the situation in Germany, he committed suicide in Hindås, a village a few miles from Gotenburg, in 1935. He was buried in Mariefred, a town situated near the medieval castle Gripsholm. Since World War II Tucholsky's works have been widely reprinted in Germany.