Dr Pieter Zeeman

Dr Pieter Zeeman

Birth
Zonnemaire, Schouwen-Duiveland Municipality, Zeeland, Netherlands
Death 9 Oct 1943 (aged 78)
Amsterdam, Amsterdam Municipality, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
Burial Haarlem, Haarlem Municipality, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
Memorial ID 95642540 · View Source
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Nobel Prize Laureate Scientist. He graduated with a degree in physics at the University of Leiden, and in 1893 he obtained his research doctorate by a thesis about Kerr effect, known as the reflection of polarized light on a magnetized surface. In 1895, Zeeman was appointed Professor of the Chair of Theoretical Physics of the University of Leiden, and since 1897 he taught physics at the University of Amsterdam, where during his research, he discovered the Zeeman Effect, a phenomenon which consists in the separation of spectral lines due to an external magnetic field. By confirming data, this discovery became vital to the research of Hendrik Lorentz. He had became Lorentz's assistant before finishing doctorate thesis. Later. the Zeeman Effect became an important tool for clarifying the structure of the atom. In 1902, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics sharing the prize with Lorentz. During his long academic career he published several essays, including "The Effect of Magnetization on the Nature of Light Emitted by a Substance,” "The Influence of a Magnetic Field on Radiation Frequency" and "Fresnel's Coefficient for Light of Different Colors". He received the Matteucci Medal in 1912, was elected as a Foreign Member of the Royal Society and received the Henry Draper Medal from the National Academy of Sciences in 1921, received the Rumford Medal in 1922, and received the Franklin Medal in 1925. The crater Zeeman on the moon was named in his honor.

Bio by: Lucy & Chris


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Lucy & Chris
  • Added: 19 Aug 2012
  • Find a Grave Memorial 95642540
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Dr Pieter Zeeman (25 May 1865–9 Oct 1943), Find a Grave Memorial no. 95642540, citing Haarlem General Cemetery, Haarlem, Haarlem Municipality, Noord-Holland, Netherlands ; Maintained by Find A Grave .