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Capt Jonathan Haraden

Capt Jonathan Haraden

Birth
Gloucester, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA
Death 16 Nov 1803 (aged 59)
Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA
Burial Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA
Plot Southeast corner, parrallel to Summer Street
Memorial ID 9459687 · View Source
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Revolutionary War naval hero. He was the most successful and audacious of the dread Salem Privateers, privately owned vessels commissioned by the infant American government to attack and capture British shipping. At the outbreak of hostilities, Haraden was a merchant captain. He joined the Masachusetts Navy that consisted of two ships, and served as an officer on the Tyrannicide when it captured a larger British vessel. Haraden later commanded the Tyrannicide, but resigned to pursue a career as a privateersman. He took command of the 14-gun General Pickering in 1780, with a crew of 45 men and boys and sailed for Bilbao, Spain. Entering the Bay of Biscay, he spotted the British privateer, Golden Eagle, larger than his own ship. Haraden snuck alongside the vessel after nightfall and declared himself a frigate. He demanded the enemy captain surrender. The startled British captain struck his colors. Before the Pickering and its prize were safely in harbor, Haraden spied the British privateer Achilles with forty guns and more than three times his crew. But he fought the larger vessel until the enemy fled. He was treated like a hero in the Spanish port and carried through the streets in procession by its citizens who had watched the sea battle from shore. In another memorable encounter, Haraden, in command of General Pickering took on three armed merchantmen off Nova Scotia and captured all of them without loss of life aboard his own vessel. In another engagement Haraden took on a heavily armed Royal Mail Packet headed for England from the West Indies. In a savage engagement both vessels were damaged. Haraden bore off to repair his ship, then renewed the chase. But he discovered he only had enough powder and ammunition for one cannon shot. He maneuvered General Pickering alonside the packet and gave the British captain five minutes to haul down his colors, or he threatened to sink her with a broadside. He began to shout off the minutes. The bluff worked and the British ship surrendered to the smaller American vessel. It would not be the last time Haraden bluffed an enemy into surrender, especially after his name had become feared throughout the British merchant fleet. It is estimated he captured more than 1,000 cannon for the American cause, as well as untold stocks of other weapons, powder and ammunition, numerous vessels and goods. The World War I era destroyer Haraden was named for him and, ironically, was conveyed to the British in a lend-lease deal during World War II.

Bio by: Bob on Gallows Hill


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Bob on Gallows Hill
  • Added: 14 Sep 2004
  • Find A Grave Memorial 9459687
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Capt Jonathan Haraden (11 Nov 1744–16 Nov 1803), Find A Grave Memorial no. 9459687, citing Broad Street Cemetery, Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .