Danish-Norwegian Monarch. He is remembered as the ruling monarch of the Kingdoms of Denmark and Norway from 1699 to 1730. During his reign, Denmark and Norway were at war with Sweden from 1709 to 1720; this war was called the Great Nordic War or Great Northern War. As a result of the war, Denmark gained the territory of Duchy of Gottorp in Schleswig-Holstein, but the main target was the re-conquest of Scania, Halland, and Blekinge, which was lost. King Frederik was very interested in educating the peasant children, thus he established a national school system. The King's private lifestyle brought shame to his country. He was a bigamist, which is an offense that would have meant the death penalty for his ordinary subjects. In 1695 he married Louise von Mecklenburg-Gustow and she was the crowned queen. This was a loveless arranged marriage, yet the couple had five children with a son, Christian, and a daughter, Charlotte, living to adulthood. While still married legally in 1703, he and Countess Elisabeth Helen Vieregg were married in a “left hand” ceremony or not sanctioned my law or God. She died in childbirth in 1704 and their son within months. In 1712, the King meets the daughter of his chancellor, Countess Anna Sophie Reventlow. Shortly afterward during one night, she was abducted from her father's Clausholm Castle. The couple was married in another “left hand” ceremony. Nineteen days after the death of Queen Louise in 1721, the King marries Anna Sophie in a “right hand” ceremony and crowns her as Queen. The couple had six children but all died within a few years. After his marriage to Anna Sophie, he recognized two of his cousins' morganatic marriages.
Bio by: Benny Chordt Hansen