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 William “Billy The Kid” Bonney

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William “Billy The Kid” Bonney

Original Name William Henry McCarty
Birth
New York, New York County (Manhattan), New York, USA
Death 14 Jul 1881 (aged 21)
Fort Sumner, De Baca County, New Mexico, USA
Burial Fort Sumner, De Baca County, New Mexico, USA
Memorial ID 94 View Source
Suggest Edits

Legendary Outlaw. He was born in New York City as Henry McCarty. His mother's name was Catherine McCarty. Not very much information is known about his father except that he died when the Kid was young. Eventually, Catherine moved with the Kid and his brother Joseph to Wichita Kansas. After his first brush with the law, Catherine was diagnosed with tuberculosis and decided to move to New Mexico, where she remarried and died in 1874. When he was arrested for theft of laundry the Kid escaped from jail and left town, fearing his stepfather's reaction. He worked in Arizona doing odd jobs until 1877 when he killed his first man. This occurred when an ongoing feud with a blacksmith named Frank P. Cahill fatally ended when the Kid shot the much larger antagonist. He was arrested and broke out of jail and fled to Mesilla, New Mexico and began to use the alias William H. Bonney. After riding with the Jesse Evans gang, he eventually drifted to Lincoln, where he became associated with John Chisum, who was challenging the New Mexico government beef contracts. The Kid's association with Chisum led the Kid to become employed by Chisum associate John Tunstall. When rivals murdered Tunstall, the Kid and several associates formed the Regulators and were responsible for tracking down and killing those responsible for Tunstall's death including Sheriff William Brady. These activities were part of what eventually became known as "The Lincoln County War". The Kid agreed to turn himself in when Governor Wallace promised the Kid a full pardon in exchange for testimony in several murder cases in 1879. After several months, the Kid lost patience and eventually left town. When Chisum refused to pay the Kid for service in the Regulators, the Kid decided to help himself to some of Chisum's livestock. Two years later, he was eventually captured, tried and sentenced to hang for the death of Jim Carlyle in 1881. Sheriff Pat Garrett shot the Kid to death after the Kid escaped from prison three months later.

Suggested edit: Hello, though I have no proof, I believe the suggested link I have sent is more likely his father than the one he is currently linked too. I did find Henry, age 1, with his parents, Patrick & Catherine McCarthy in the 1860 census for NYC. The suggested father I have sent dying in 1860 is acceptable as he died after the census that was taken in June of that year. I can share a copy of the census if you like. There was also an older sister, Bridget listed. There is a public family tree at Ancestry for her, noting that she had a sibling named Henry and that she married a man with the last name of Oates.
Contributor: Patricia Poland (47168237)

Bio by: Jip


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