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 Winfield Mason Scott

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Winfield Mason Scott Famous memorial

Birth
Dinwiddie County, Virginia, USA
Death
29 May 1866 (aged 79)
West Point, Orange County, New York, USA
Burial
West Point, Orange County, New York, USA
Plot
Section 26, Row A, Grave 16
Memorial ID
938 View Source

United States Army General. Undoubtedly the foremost American military figure of the first half of the 19th Century, his career spanned from 1808 to the Civil War. As a Brigadier General in the War of 1812, he captured Fort George, defeated the British at Upholds Creek, New York and commanded American forces at the Battles of Lundy's Lane and Chippewa. He studied European military tactics after the war and conducted operations against the Creek and Seminole Indians in Florida (Seminole Wars). In 1841 he succeeded General Alexander Macomb as General-in-Chief of the United States Army, serving in that capacity from until 1861. After the outbreak of the Mexican War, he took command of operations against Mexico after being unsatisfied with General Zachary Taylor's victories in Northern Mexico. He personally planned and led the American troop movements that captured Vera Cruz, and directed every American victory from the Battle of Cerro Gordo to the final Battle of Chapultepec and the capitulation of Mexico City. Defeated by Franklin Pierce for President of the United States in 1852, he remained loyal to the Union at the outbreak of the Civil War, despite his Virginia birth. His "Anaconda Plan" was the basic strategy that successive Union commanders followed to victory over the Confederacy. He was retired due to age in November 1861 with the rank of senior Major General, and was brevetted Lieutenant General, United States Regular Army.

United States Army General. Undoubtedly the foremost American military figure of the first half of the 19th Century, his career spanned from 1808 to the Civil War. As a Brigadier General in the War of 1812, he captured Fort George, defeated the British at Upholds Creek, New York and commanded American forces at the Battles of Lundy's Lane and Chippewa. He studied European military tactics after the war and conducted operations against the Creek and Seminole Indians in Florida (Seminole Wars). In 1841 he succeeded General Alexander Macomb as General-in-Chief of the United States Army, serving in that capacity from until 1861. After the outbreak of the Mexican War, he took command of operations against Mexico after being unsatisfied with General Zachary Taylor's victories in Northern Mexico. He personally planned and led the American troop movements that captured Vera Cruz, and directed every American victory from the Battle of Cerro Gordo to the final Battle of Chapultepec and the capitulation of Mexico City. Defeated by Franklin Pierce for President of the United States in 1852, he remained loyal to the Union at the outbreak of the Civil War, despite his Virginia birth. His "Anaconda Plan" was the basic strategy that successive Union commanders followed to victory over the Confederacy. He was retired due to age in November 1861 with the rank of senior Major General, and was brevetted Lieutenant General, United States Regular Army.

Bio by: RPD2


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Added: 31 Dec 2000
  • Find a Grave Memorial ID: 938
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/938/winfield-mason-scott: accessed ), memorial page for Winfield Mason Scott (13 Jun 1786–29 May 1866), Find a Grave Memorial ID 938, citing United States Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, Orange County, New York, USA; Maintained by Find a Grave.