He was the second of six children of Great War casualty and schoolteacher,Lieutenant-Commander Edward Leopold Milner-Barry, and Edith Mary Milner-Barry who rest in the nearby Great Shelford churchyard.
He was educated at Cheltenham College, and won a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he obtained firsts in classics and moral sciences.He was a notable British chess player, chess writer, World War II codebreaker and civil servant. He represented England in chess both before and after World War II. He worked at Bletchley Park during World War II, and was head of "Hut 6", a section responsible for deciphering messages which had been encrypted using the German Enigma machine.After the war he worked in the Treasury, and later administered the British honours system. In chess, he represented England in international tournaments, and lent his name to three opening variations.For some 11 years he was a London city stockbroker, but he was never happy in this business.
Such was the esteem in which he was held, a memorial service was held for him at Westminster Abbey on 15 June 1995.
Awards and Decorations:
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
Thelma Tennant-Wells Milner-Barry