Nobel Peace Prize in Physics Recipient. Dr.Hendrik Antoon Lorentz received world-wide notoriety for being awarded the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics, sharing the award jointly with Dr. Pieter Zeeman , another well-known Dutch physicist. According to the Norwegian Nobel Prize Institute, he received this coveted award as "It may well be said that Lorentz was regarded by all theoretical physicists as the world's leading spirit, who completed what was left unfinished by his predecessors and prepared the ground for the fruitful reception of the new ideas based on the quantum theory.” After graduating in Physics at the University of Leiden, in 1875 he obtained his research doctorate with a thesis about the refraction of light. The “Theory of Electromagnetic Waves” of British physicist James Clerk Maxwell was improved thanks to Lorentz's discovery of the relation existing between electricity, magnetism and light. In 1878 he was appointed Professor of the Chair of Theoretical Physics of the University of Leiden. During his long academic career he published several essays as result of his scientific research, including "The Theory of Electrons, and Its Applications to the Phenomena of Light and Radiant Heat", "The Einstein Theory of Relativity, a Concise Statement", and "Lectures on Theoretical Physics". In 1902, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for the study on the separation of spectral lines due to an external magnetic field, know as the Zeeman effect.
Bio by: Lucy & Chris
Aletta Catherina Kaiser Lorentz
1858–1931 (m. 1881)