1st Baronet, GCVO, KCB, CSI, KPM. He was a fingerprint expert, and the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, head of the Metropolitan Police of London, from 1903 to 1918. His commission saw the introduction of police dogs to the force, a development which he regarded with good will, but he is best remembered today for his championship of the method of fingerprinting to identify criminals. He studied at St Edmund's College, Ware, Hertfordshire, and at sixteen he joined Lloyds of London as a clerk. He took evening classes at University College, London to prepare for the entrance examination of the Indian Civil Service. In September 1873 he went to India, arriving in Bombay and travelled across India arriving at Allahabad on 22 October 1873 to take up the position of Assistant Magistrate Collector within the Bengal Taxation Service. He was appointed Inspector-General of Police of Bengal. He had already been exchanging letters with Francis Galton regarding the use of fingerprinting to identify criminals, either instead of or in addition to the anthropometric method of Alphonse Bertillon, which Henry introduced into the Bengal police department. In 1901, Henry was recalled to Britain to take up the office of Assistant Commissioner (Crime) at Scotland Yard, in charge of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID). In 1901, he established the Metropolitan Police Fingerprint Bureau, Britain's first. Its primary purpose was originally not to assist in identifying criminals, but to prevent criminals from concealing previous convictions from the police, courts and prisons. He was also a Grand Cross of the Dannebrog of Denmark, a Commander of the Légion d'honneur of France, and a member of the Order of Vila Viçosa of Portugal and the Order of St. Sava of Yugoslavia, as well as an Extra Equerry to the King. He was awarded the King's Police Medal (KPM) in the 1909 Birthday Honours.
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