US Presidential Cabinet Secretary, US Congressman. He served as the 61st United States Attorney General during the Administration of President Harry S. Truman from 1952 until 1953. A member of the Democratic Party, he served the 2nd United States Congressional District from the State of Pennsylvania in the United States House of Representatives from 1937 until 1943. Born in Philadelphia, into a devout Irish-Catholic family, he attended parochial school. He served as a balloon observation pilot with the United States Air Service during World War I. While attaining his Law degree at Temple University, he became interested in the political arena and was active in community activities. After graduating, he focused on practicing Law and experienced a failed attempt to become US District Attorney in 1931 and a failed bid for a US Congressional seat. In 1936, he was elected to the US Congress and during his tenure, he was supportive of President Roosevelt’s “New Deal” policies. He served on the House Banking and Currency Committee, the Foreign Commerce Committee and the Ways and Means Committee. McGranery lost his Congressional seat due to Gerrymandering (redistricting). President Roosevelt grateful for McGranery’s support created a position for him within the Justice Department. He would serve as assistant to the attorney general, in addition to serving as the chief administrative officer and chief liaison with Congress. When Harry Truman became president, he kept McGranery on to serve as chief assistant to Attorney General Tom C. Clark. Truman later appointed him to serve as a federal judge with the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. McCranery succeeded J. Howard McGrath as United States Attorney General in 1952 and carried out a thorough investigation into misappropriated funds within the Internal Revenue Service and the Justice Department of which led to the dismissal of several employees. Additionally, the department prosecuted those involved in Communist activity. After leaving Washington, he resumed practicing Law until his death in 1962.
Bio by: C.S.