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Sir Humphrey Bourchier

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Sir Humphrey Bourchier

Birth
Halstead, Braintree District, Essex, England
Death 14 Apr 1471 (aged 35–36)
Barnet, London Borough of Barnet, Hertfordshire, England
Burial Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England
Plot Chapel of Saint Edmund
Memorial ID 90721231 View Source
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Humphrey Bourchier was the son of Sir John Bourchier the 1st Lord Berners, and Lady Margery Berners. He married Elizabeth Tilney and the marriage produced three children: 1. Margaret Bourchier, she married first, John Sands; secondly Thomas Bryan and had four children; her third husband was David Zouche. 2. John Bourchier married first Catherine Howard and she gave birth to three children, before the marriage ended in divorce. His second marriage to Elizabeth Bacon produced four children. 3. Anne Bourchier, she married Thomas Fiennes and had three children.

Sir Humphrey Bourchier fought in the Battle of Barnet on 14 April 1471, fighting on the Yorkist side. The Battle of Barnet was an important battle in the Wars of the Roses. In 1470, the Duke of Warwick drove King Edward IV out of England. In March, 1471, Edward IV returned with a fleet of ships and a small army, landing at Yorkshire. His army included 300 Flemmish mercenaries armed with muskets ("handguns"). They marched south, gathering forces along the way, and entered London unopposed. Edward continued south to meet the Duke of Warwick at Barnet. In the fog ("a great myste") on Easter morning, April 14, 1471, King Edward attacked the Duke of Warwick's forces. At first, troops led by the Earl of Oxford defeated some of Edward's troops and pursued them from the field. Returning from the pursuit in the fog, they mistakenly attacked others of Warwick's troops, so Edward achieved a complete victory. Sir Humphrey Bourchier was fightng in that Battle on Easter Sunda, on the Yorkist side. Among Edward's troops who were killed was Sir Humphrey Bourchier. After Sir Humphrey's death, Lady Elizabeth Tilney married Sir Thomas Howard, who became Earl of Surrey, and, later, Duke of Norfolk. (bio by Audrey DeCamp Hoffman)


Inscription

Hvmfredus Bourchier Dominus Cromwell, filius Henrici Bourchier, Comitis Essexiae ex filia Richardi Comitis Cantabrigiae, cecedit in praelio upud Barnet inter Henricum Sextum, Edwardum Quartum, anno 1471. Iacet ad caput Roberti Archiepiscopi Eboracensis.


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