Bishop Edward Patrick Allen, D.D., born March 17, 1853, in Lowell, Massachusetts, the son of John and Mary Allen (nee Egan) from King's County, Ireland. He was educated at Mount St. Mary's College and Seminary in Emmitsburg, Maryland. He was award an M.A. cum laude in 1878. On December 17, 1881 he was ordained a priest in Emmitsburg by Bishop Thomas Becker of Savannah. He remained at mount St. Mary's as a member of the faculty from 1881 to 1882, teaching Greek and English. In 1881 he returned to Boston where he was appointed parochial vicar at the Cathedral of the Holy Cross. He subsequently was assigned to pastoral work in Framingham and a chaplaincy at the state reformatory in Sherborn.
Returning to Mount St. Mary's in 1884, he was appointed it vice president, being chosen as president in June 1885. He remained president of Mount St. Mary's until he was appointed fifth Bishop of Mobile on April 19, 1897 by Pope Leo XIII. He was ordained a bishop on May 16, 1897 in the Cathedral of the Assumption in Baltimore by James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore assisted by Bishop Edward Fitzgerald of Little Rock and Bishop Matthew Harkins of Providence.
In 1889 Georgetown University conferred on him the degree of Doctor of Divinity.
Under Bishop Allen's care, the Catholic population of the Diocese of Mobile more than doubled as did the number of priests. He obtained the services of the Josephite Order to minster to the African Americans. He founded new parishes, schools, and charitable institutions. He oversaw the rebuilding of churches which were destroyed or damaged during the September 1906 hurricane which devastated Mobile.
Bishop Allen on died October 21, 1926, and is entombed in the crypt of the Cathedral Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in Mobile, Alabama.
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