Native American Tribal Chief. He was an Eastern Chiricahua Apache War Chief, also known as a Warm Springs or a Mimbreno Apache. He was nicknamed the Apache Wolf. He was considered to be brave in battle and a skillful strategist in guerrilla warfare. He was one of the most fiercest of the Apache War Chiefs. He led raiding parties along with Apache War Chiefs: Geronimo, Nana (his uncle), Chato, Mangas Coloradas, and others, killing settlers in the West Texas, Southeastern and Southwestern New Mexico, and Northern Mexican territories. He was pursued by the United States Army Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th and 10th Calvary, Texas Rangers, and Colonel Jaoquin Terraza and his Mexican forces. Following the death of Apache Chief Mangas Coloradas, Victorio slowly emerged as tribal leader of the Eastern Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache bands or tribes. He chose Apache War Chief Loco as his second in command. He signed many treaties with the United States Government, but the United States Government failed to honor them. The United States Government wanted to force him to settle in Arizona, but he wanted to remain in his homeland at Ojo Caliente (Warm Springs) in Southwestern New Mexico. On October 14, 1880 in the Tres Castillas Mountains of Mexico, Colonel Terraza and his Mexican troops surrounded and massacred Chief Victorio's camp, killing 60 warriors, 18 women and children, and taking over 60 women and children as prisoners. Apache Chief Victorio lay dead.
Bio by: Bedford W. Sipes