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SMN Truman E. Abbey

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SMN Truman E. Abbey

  • Birth unknown
  • Death 27 Nov 1890
  • Burial Perry, Wyoming County, New York, USA
  • Memorial ID 89222441

Truman E Abbey, Seaman, USN, Pension Records show service on board USS Great Western and USS Essex.

U.S. Navy Pensions Index, 1861-1910about Truman E Abbey
Name: Truman E Abbey
Publication: M1279
Pension Approval: Approved
File Number: 9263
Certification Number: 8844

Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934about Truman E Abbey
Name: Truman E
Widow: Sarah J Abbey
Roll Number: T288_1

1890 Veterans Schedulesabout Truman E Abbey
Veteran's Name: Truman E Abbey
Home in 1890 (Township, County, State): P

USS Great Western (1857) was a steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Union Navy as an ammunition ship in support of the Union Navy.

Purchased for use as an ammunition ship

Great Western, a sidewheel steamer, was built at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1857 and was purchased by the U.S. War Department 10 February 1862. She was transferred to the Union Navy 30 September 1862, but had been used since her purchase by the Western Flotilla.

Supplying Union ships on the Mississippi with ammunition

Great Western was used as an ordnance boat for the Navy on the western waters, and in that capacity operated from Cairo, Illinois, to various points on the Mississippi River and its tributaries. She supplied ships at the mouths of the White and Arkansas Rivers with ammunition and ordnance, and occasionally fired at Confederate batteries ashore in the almost daily engagements in keeping open the far-spreading river highway system by which the Union divided and destroyed the South.

While with the Mortar Flotilla 30 July 1862 she fired on cavalry attacking the boats near the mouth of the Arkansas River and succeeded in driving them off.

Supporting Vicksburg campaign operations

During 1862 and the first half of 1863, the overriding concern of Union forces was the capture of Vicksburg, and Great Western spent much of her time during this period near the mouth of the Yazoo River above the city in support of combined operations there.

Post-Vicksburg campaign operations

She provided support for the joint attacks of December 1862 above the city, and remained in the area until the Confederate stronghold fell in July 1863. Following the fall of Vicksburg, Great Western continued her duties as supply ship for the squadron, being stationed at Skipwith's Landing, Mississippi, and Goodrich's Landing, Louisiana. In July 1864 she was sent back to Cairo, Illinois, to act as a receiving ship.

Post-war decommissioning and sale

Great Western was transferred as receiving ship, Mound City, Illinois, in March 1865, and was subsequently sold at auction there to John Riley 29 November 1865.

USS Essex, a 1000-ton ironclad river gunboat, was converted in stages from the steam ferry New Era. Originally constructed at New Albany, Indiana, in 1856, the ship was purchased in September 1861 by the U.S. Army for its Western Gunboat Flotilla. Modified into a 355-ton "timberclad" gunboat, and retaining the name New Era, she took part in an expedition up the Cumberland River in November 1861. Renamed Essex soon thereafter, she received iron armor and other changes and was then actively employed in operations during early 1862, engaging Confederate gunboats near Lucas Bend, Missouri, on 11 January. On 6 February, she was badly damaged by enemy gunfire during an attack on Fort Henry, Tennessee.

During subsequent repairs, Essex' Commanding Officer, William D. Porter, spared little expense (albeit without official authorization) in upgrading his ship into one of the most powerful ironclads on the Western Rivers. Lengthened, widened, reengined, rearmored and completely altered in appearance, Essex was back in service in time for operations against Vicksburg, Mississippi, in July. On the 22th of that month she ran past the enemy fortress city, engaging and damaging the Confederate ironclad Arkansas along the way. After joining Rear Admiral Farragut's squadron as the only Federal ironclad on the lower Mississippi, she helped repel an attack on Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on 5 August and was instrumental in the destruction of the Arkansas the next day.

Essex was formally transferred to the Navy in October 1862 and remained active on the rivers through the rest of the Civil War. She bombarded Port Hudson, Louisiana, and helped with the occupation of Baton Rouge in December 1862. In May-July 1863 she participated in the capture of Port Hudson. She took part in the Red River expedition in March-May 1864. Essex was decommissioned in July 1865. After her sale to private interests in November of that year, she reverted to the name New Era. She was scrapped in 1870.

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  • Created by: Rubbings
  • Added: 27 Apr 2012
  • Find A Grave Memorial 89222441
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for SMN Truman E. Abbey (unknown–27 Nov 1890), Find A Grave Memorial no. 89222441, citing Hope Cemetery, Perry, Wyoming County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Rubbings (contributor 47671529) .