Pope. In the decade 872-882 John VIII faced hundreds of problems. Italy was divided among Carolingian, Byzantine and Islamic Empires while in the South were born small independent principalities which fought one another with Saracens aid. In 878 Rome was even occupied by duke Lambertus of Spoleto, so that the Pope convened a Council in France pressing Carolingian help. He tried also to come to an agreement with Byzantine Empire (Council of 879), but died without achieving any result.
Bio by: MC