Revolutionary War Continental Army Officer. He was originally serving in the local militia as a captain, but after the Battle of Lexington he led a company of light infantry to Boston where he was made a major in the Continental Army. He was a division commander under Benedict Arnold who he accompanied on his expedition through Maine to Canada. At Quebec City he was captured by the British and imprisoned, but was released in May of 1776. He returned to Connecticut and rejoined the army in 1777 as a colonel. Likely his most important achievement during the war was an action known as "Meigs Raid" in Sag Harbor, New York where he was able to burn 12 British ships and take 90 prisoners without losing a single man. The US Congress granted him a presentation sword for his heroism. After the war Meigs was appointed surveyor of the Ohio Company of Associates which were the first white settlers in Ohio. He founded the town of Marietta and served as justice of the peace, clerk of the courts and served in the General Assembly from 1799 to 1801. In 1801 he moved to Tennessee to become the Indian Agent to the Cherokee Nation, and the military agent for the US War Department. He functioned in the dual roles until 1813 when the Federal soldiers were withdrawn and the military agent function was disbanded. He continued in his role as Indian Agent to the Cherokee people until his death. His 23 year career as agent was devoted to the Cherokee's well-being, defending their rights during treaty negotiations, and assisting them in establishing their own republican form of government.
Bio by: Tom Todd