Lucy Parsons

Lucy Parsons

Original Name Lucia Ella Gonzales
Death 7 Mar 1942 (aged 88–89)
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA
Burial Forest Park, Cook County, Illinois, USA
Plot About 2 gravestones to the right of the Haymarket Monument
Memorial ID 8793 · View Source
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Anarchist. Modern scholarship concludes the probability that she was born as a slave in Texas, though she later claimed to be the daughter of a Mexican mother and a Creek father, denying any black heritage. She met and married Albert Parsons, a former Confederate soldier, around 1871. The racially mixed couple was forced to flee Texas and settled in Chicago in 1873. They became involved with Marxist socialism and the Workingmen's Party of the United States. She wrote and and lectured for the organization's paper, Socialist. In 1883 they helped found the anarchist group International Working People's Association. She wrote regularly for their weekly paper The Alarm, encouraging acts of violence against the rich. In May 1886, when she and her husband led a strike calling for an eight-hour work day, the rally at Haymarket Square ended with a bomb thrown at police, killing four. Albert Parsons was one of those tried and executed for the murders. In 1892 she published the short lived paper Freedom. In 1905 she was among those who founded the Industrial Workers of the World. In 1927 she became a member of the National Committee of the International Labor Defense and began working for the Communist Party. She died in a house fire at age 89. She variously called herself Lucy Gonzalez, Lucy Gonzalez Parson, Lucy Parsons, Lucy Waller.

Bio by: Iola

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Added: 8 Mar 2000
  • Find a Grave Memorial 8793
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Lucy Parsons (1853–7 Mar 1942), Find a Grave Memorial no. 8793, citing Forest Home Cemetery, Forest Park, Cook County, Illinois, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .