Creek Leader. Born near Tuetumplai in present day Alabama, the son of Captain William McIntosh, and Senoia Henneha of the Wind Clan of the Lower Creeks. McIntosh became a Micco or chief spokesman of the Lower Creek. He fought with American forces under the command of Andrew Jackson in the War of 1812. During the Red Stick War of 1813 - 1814, he helped defeat the nationalistic Upper Creeks. McIntosh also fought for the United States in the First Seminole War. For his services at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and elsewhere, he was commissioned a Brigadier General in the United States Army. McIntosh built a plantation for himself on the Chattahoochee River in Carroll County, Georgia. In 1823, McIntosh's first cousin, George Troup was elected governor of Georgia. Troup felt strongly that eastern Indians should be moved to the Western Territory. On February 12, 1825, Troup and McIntosh and eight other chiefs, signed the Treaty of Indian Springs ceding the Creek lands East of the Chattahoochee River to Georgia. Despite Governor Troup's promise to protect his cousin, McIntosh was traced to his home in Carroll County by angry Upper Creeks where he killed, his slaves run off, his crops burned, and his cattle slaughtered. After his death, one of his wives was interviewed by the ‘Cherokee Advocate' saying; "It was by Government my husband lost his life. My husband wished to please the Government. The Indians kill him; between two fires my husband dies."
Bio by: Iola