Louis Antoine de Bourbon

Louis Antoine de Bourbon

Delincourt, Departement de l'Oise, Picardie, France
Death 21 Mar 1804 (aged 31)
Fontenay-sous-Bois, Departement du Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France
Burial Vincennes, Departement du Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France
Memorial ID 85250557 · View Source
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French Nobility. Louis Antoine de Bourbon, only child of Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, and his wife Bathilde d'Orléans, was born at the Château de Chantilly in Chantilly, France. At birth, he received the title of Duke of Enghien. His parents separated after 1778 due to his father's infidelity. The Duke of Enghien began his military career in 1788. At the onset of the French Revolution in 1789, he left France with his father and grandfather. He became a member of the Army of Condé, which was organized and commanded by his grandfather Louis Joseph de Bourbon, the Prince of Condé. In early 1804, Louis Antoine married Charlotte de Rohan. About the same time, Napoleon Bonaparte had heard that the young duke was involved in the Cadoudal-Pichegru conspiracy. The information was untrue, but Bonaparte gave orders for him to be abducted and killed. Members of the French military crossed the Rhine and went to the Duke of Enghien's residence at Ettenheim in Baden, violating the sovereignty of Baden. They kidnapped Louis Antoine and brought him to the Château de Vincennes, near Paris. In the meantime, Bonaparte had discovered the truth about the duke's innocence. Despite this, he merely altered the charges and, on the 21st of March, the Duke of Enghien was shot in the moat of the Château de Vincennes, near a grave which had already been dug. In 1816, his remains were exhumed and transferred to the chapel of the château, Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes. Louis Antoine was the last descendant of the House of Condé. He predeceased both his father and his grandfather, and they had no further heirs. The murder of the duke shocked aristocratic Europe, which was still reeling from the violence of the Revolution, particularly the Reign of Terror. Many lost what little respect they had for Bonaparte. The killing of the Duke of Enghien was discussed by Leo Tolstoy in "War and Peace" and by Alexandre Dumas in "The Last Cavalier," his last novel. It was also the subject of the silent film "La mort du duc d'Enghien en 1804" (1909), directed by Albert Capellani.

Bio by: Anne Philbrick

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Anne Philbrick
  • Added: 20 Feb 2012
  • Find A Grave Memorial 85250557
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Louis Antoine de Bourbon (2 Aug 1772–21 Mar 1804), Find A Grave Memorial no. 85250557, citing Sainte-Chapelle de Vincennes, Vincennes, Departement du Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .