Louis Joseph de Bourbon

Louis Joseph de Bourbon

Birth
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Death 13 May 1818 (aged 81)
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Burial Saint-Denis, Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Memorial ID 85226808 · View Source
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French Royalty. Louis Joseph de Bourbon, only son of Louis Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, and his wife Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg, was born at the Hôtel de Condé in Paris. At birth, he was given the title of Duke of Enghien. In 1740, at age four, he succeeded to the title of Prince of Condé due to the death of his father. His mother died the following year, and his paternal uncle Louis, Count of Clermont, became his guardian. On May 3, 1753, he married Charlotte Élisabeth Godefride de Rohan at Versailles. The marriage produced three children, two of whom survived to adulthood. However, his twenty-two year old wife died in 1760. In 1764, Louis Joseph renovated the Palais Bourbon and left the Hôtel de Condé, which was sold several years later to King Louis XV. His large inheritance included the Château de Chantilly, which he also renovated. On the grounds of that estate, he constructed the Château d'Enghien to house guests. It was named in honor of his grandson Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien, who was born at Chantilly. During the reigns of both Kings Louis XIV and Louis XV, the Prince of Condé had the position of Grand Maître de France at the king's court. He served in the military during the Seven Years' War. After the onset of the French Revolution in 1789, Louis Joseph left France, as did his son and grandson. During the Revolution, Louis Joseph was one of the main counter-revolutionary leaders and formed the Army of Condé. In 1801, after ten years, the army disbanded. It had not been successful in restoring Bourbon rule. The Prince of Condé spent the remainder of his exile in England. He had remarried in 1798, thirty-eight years after the death of his first wife. His second wife was Maria-Caterina di Brignole-Sale, former wife of the Prince of Monaco. Louis Joseph was widowed for the second time in 1813. After Napoleon's defeat and the onset of the Bourbon Restoration, he returned to Paris and resumed his duties at court. The Prince of Condé died in 1818 and was interred at the Basilica of Saint Denis.

Bio by: Anne Philbrick



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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Anne Philbrick
  • Added: 20 Feb 2012
  • Find a Grave Memorial 85226808
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Louis Joseph de Bourbon (9 Aug 1736–13 May 1818), Find a Grave Memorial no. 85226808, citing Saint Denis Basilique, Saint-Denis, Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .