Swedish Monarch. King of Sweden, and of Norway as Carl IV. Born in Stockholm, the eldest son of King Oscar I and Queen Josephine. He was created Duke of Scania as an infant and was Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway from 1844. He served as Viceroy of Norway from 1856 to 1857. He became regent in September 1857 and ascended to the throne with the death of his father in July 1859. He was an advocate of Scandinavianism, the political solidarity of the three northern kingdoms, and marked his reign with far-reaching domestic reforms. Sweden's municipal law, ecclesiastical law and criminal law were enacted under Carl XV and are largely still in force. Reforms of the Riksdag and parliamentary system were also implemented during his reign. The king was also recognized as an artist and poet of some repute. Upon his death, without a legitimate surviving son, he was succeeded by his brother as King Oscar II. Outside of his marriage Carl also had a son Carl Johan Bolander (1854-1903) and a daughter Ellen Svensson Hammar (1865-1931), and it has been widely rumored that he had many more such children.
Bio by: Count Demitz