Israelite King. Born in Bethlehem, the youngest of eight sons of Jesse, tribe of Judah, and grandson of Boaz and Ruth. According to legend, while serving his family duties, he became known as a talented psalmist and musician. As such, he was taken to court to play for the king, becoming a court favorite, and was made King Saul's armor bearer. During the Israelite's conflict with the neighboring Philistines, David was said to have met and defeated their greatest warrior in single combat. His fame, popularity, and friendship with the Israelite prince, Jonathan, all lent toward King Saul's eventual obsessive hatred of his former favorite. David married the king's younger daughter, and survived several murder attempts, before being forced to flee. After years in exile, the king and his son were killed in the Battle of Mount Gelboe, leaving David the anointed heir. Accepted as king by Judea, the southern kingdoms fell in behind another son of Saul, Isboseth, inciting a civil war. It was only with Isboseth's death almost a decade later did David become ruler of a united kingdom. He was credited with creating in Israel an independent successful state, extending Israel's lands in the north, defeating the Philistines, giving Israel a capital, a court, a great center of religion, having several notable affairs and marriages, and having two famous sons among many, Absalom and Solomon. After a rule of some thirty-three years, David died in his capitol at Jerusalem. Tradition has it that he was buried on Mount Sion (Zion), just outside the walls, though others argue that he was actually buried within the City of David. He was succeeded by his son Solomon.
Bio by: Iola