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 Gilbert “The Red” de Clare

Gilbert “The Red” de Clare

Birth
Christchurch, Christchurch Borough, Dorset, England
Death 7 Dec 1295 (aged 52)
Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales
Burial Tewkesbury, Tewkesbury Borough, Gloucestershire, England
Plot Buried on the left side of his grandfather Gilbert de Clare.
Memorial ID 84189824 · View Source
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Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester born at Christchurch, Hampshire (now Dorset)England was an influential red-headed nobleman of Norman decent, also known as Gilbert 'the Red' de Clare. Between 1268 and 1271 he built the medieval Caerphilly Castle. It stands in the middle of the town of Caerphilly in south Wales. Gilbert de Clare was the son of Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Maud de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln, daughter of John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy. He was in his minority when his father died, and was a ward of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford. In April 1264, he led the massacre of the Jews at Canterbury, as Simon de Montfort had done in London. Gilbert de Clare's castles of Kingston and Tonbridge were taken by the King. On 12 May he and Montfort were denounced as traitors. Two days later, just before the battle of Lewes, on 14 May, Montfort knighted the Earl and his brother Thomas. The Earl commanded the second line of the battle and took the King prisoner, having hamstrung his horse. As Prince Edward had also been captured, Montfort and the Earl were now supreme. On 20 October 1264, the Gilbert and his associates were excommunicated by the Papal Legate, and his lands placed under an interdict. The next month, they had obtained possession of Gloucester and Bristol, the Prince and the Earl were declared to be rebels. They at once entered on an active campaign, the Earl, in order to prevent Montfort's escape, destroying ships at Bristol and the Bridge over the Severn. He shared the Prince's victory at Kenilworth on 16 July, and in the battle of Evesham, 4 August, in which Montfort was slain. He commanded the second division and contributed largely to the victory. The castle of Abergavenny was committed to his charge on 25 October and on the 29th the honor of Brecknock was added. On 24 June 1268 he took the Cross at Northampton At Michaelmas his disputes with Llewelyn were submitted to arbitration, but without a final settlement. At the end of the year 1268 he refused to obey the King's summons to attend parliament, alleging that, owing to the constant inroads of Llewelyn, his Welsh estates needed his presence for their defense. When Henry III died, the Earl took the lead in swearing favoritism to Edward I, who was then in Sicily returning from the Crusade. The next day, with the Archbishop of York, he entered London and proclaimed peace to all, Christians and Jews, and for the first time, secured the acknowledgment of the right of the King's eldest son to immediately succeed to the throne. Now he was joint Guardian of England, during the King's absence, and on his arrival in England, in August 1274, entertained him at Tonbridge Castle. He first married Alice de Lusignan, the daughter of Hugh XI of Lusignan. They were married in 1253, when Gilbert was ten-years-old. She was of high birth, being a niece of King Henry. They produced two daughters before separating in 1267; allegedly, Alice's affections lay with her cousin, Prince Edward. Gilbert and Alice had produced two daughters: Isabel de Clare, married (1) Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick; (2) Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley,and Joan de Clare, married (1) Duncan Macduff, 7th Earl of Fife; (2) Gervase Avenel. After his marriage to Alice de Lusignan was finally annulled in 1285, he married Joan of Acre, a daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Eleanor of Castile. By the provisions of the marriage contract, their joint possessions could only be inherited by a direct descendant. On 3 July 1290 the Earl gave a great banquet at Clerkenwell to celebrate his marriage of 30 April 1290 with the Joan of Acre. Thereafter he and she are said to have taken the Cross and set out for the Holy Land, but in September he signed the Barons' letter to the Pope, and on 2 November surrendered to the King his claim to the advowson of the bishopric of Llandaff. In the next year, 1291, his quarrels with the Earl of Hereford about Brecknock culminated in a private war between them. Both were imprisoned by the King, and the Earl of Gloucester, as the aggressor, was fined 10,000 marks, and the Earl of Hereford 1,000 marks. He died at Monmouth Castle on 7 December 1295, and was buried at Tewkesbury Abbey

(This memorial was created by Audrey DeCamp Hoffman, in loving memory of her 17th Great Grandfather, Gilbert de Clare.)Thank you, Audrey for creating this memorial about my ancestor and passing it along to me.

The bio above was added by Audrey DeCamp Hoffman. I am leaving the bio above as it was originally written. The official titles "7th Earl of Hertford and 3rd Earl of Gloucester agree with Gary Boyd Roberts "The Royal Descents of 600 Immigrants".

Audrey and I decided to remove the title of "Sir" from this record. Since Sir was a "lesser title" than his other titles it was not appropriate. Findagrave.com does not have titles in their database which fit. I feel this is worth mentioning since many flowers were left using the title of "Sir" and many people visited this site previously and went away thinking his title was "Sir".

Thank you Natalie de Clare, Contesă de Markland, DGK (#48673746) for your expertise on our common ancestor's official titles as follow: "Gilbert de Clare's titles were as follows: Gilbert "the red" de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, 7th Earl of Hertford, 9th Lord of Clare, 3rd Lord of Glamorgan. The Clare title was actually called: The Lordship of Honour of Clare which included 170 manors, but for expository simplicity, we just say Lord of Clare and not Lord of the Honour of Clare."


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  • Maintained by: Billie Jasper
  • Originally Created by: Audrey DeCamp Hoffman
  • Added: 30 Jan 2012
  • Find A Grave Memorial 84189824
  • Audrey DeCamp Hoffman
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Gilbert “The Red” de Clare (2 Sep 1243–7 Dec 1295), Find A Grave Memorial no. 84189824, citing Tewkesbury Abbey, Tewkesbury, Tewkesbury Borough, Gloucestershire, England ; Maintained by Billie Jasper (contributor 48331425) .