Caroline Mathilde of England

Caroline Mathilde of England

Birth
City of Westminster, Greater London, England
Death 10 May 1775 (aged 23)
Celle, Landkreis Celle, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany
Burial Celle, Landkreis Celle, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany
Memorial ID 8410719 · View Source
Suggest Edits

Danish and Norwegian Monarch. She reigned as the Queen of Denmark and Norway. The sister of King George III of England, when she was a child it was clear, that she would once develop into beautiful woman and the people of England started to call her 'Rose of England'. On November 8, 1766 she was married to the mentally unstable Christian VII of Denmark. Her husband either treated her coldhearted or loved her. After one of the better phases of her marriage she gave birth to crown prince Frederik. The King left Denmark in May 1768 for eight months. From this journey he brought back a German doctor: Johann Friedrich Struensee. Deeply disappointed by the lack of love in her marriage, she fell in love with Struensee. The doctor developed great influence on Caroline Mathilde and Christian, practically ruling the kingdom for two years. He established a health program for the crown prince who was supposed only to eat rice, bread and fruit and drink milk or water. Furthermore he should play outside every day no matter how the weather was. The court frowned upon this, but Struensee was still too powerful. Frederik later was one of the healthiest Kings of his time. In July 1771 Caroline Mathilde gave birth to a daughter. It is usually believed, that she was Struensees child. At the same time Christian’s stepmother Juliane surrounded herself with conspirators who wanted Struensee gone. On January 16, 1772 Struensee and Caroline were arrested for high treason. The two trials where show trials; all the judges where Juliane’s followers. Caroline and Christian were divorced in March 1772 but she remained a prisoner. One of the verdicts paragraphs surprised not only Juliane but also future historians. Luise Augusta, Carolines daughter was accepted as Christian’s child but the judges decided that Struensee and Caroline already had an intimate relationship at the time of the procreation. Struensee was sentenced to death in his trial. Juliane wanted to imprison Caroline in the Castle Aalsborg until the end of her life. When her brother heard of this plan he sent a letter to Denmark in which he made it clear that if this was about to happen it would mean war. Juliane immediately released her. English ships brought her from Helsingör to Celle where she met her sister Augusta and her niece Karoline, who later became Queen of England. The following years she surrounded herself with children and adopted an orphan girl. In 1775 a conspiracy against Juliane, her son Frederik and her stepson Christin VII was formed. It was planed to put Caroline Mathilde and her son Frederik on the throne. The plan was ready to be put into action when Mathilde Caroline suddenly died.

Bio by: Lutetia



Advertisement

Advertisement

How famous was Caroline Mathilde of England?

Current rating:

48 votes

Sign-in to cast your vote.

  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Lutetia
  • Added: 20 Feb 2004
  • Find a Grave Memorial 8410719
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Caroline Mathilde of England (22 Jul 1751–10 May 1775), Find a Grave Memorial no. 8410719, citing Stadtkirche St. Marien, Celle, Landkreis Celle, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany ; Maintained by Find A Grave .