British Monarch. Some historians place her birth in 1217. The daughter of Raymond Berengar, count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy, Eleanor married King Henry III of England in 1236. By all accounts, the union was a happy one, and the couple had 9 children, only four of whom survived to adulthood. Eleanor was a vigorous and incisive woman who held much influence over Henry, as did her unpopular family members. This caused severe conflict between Henry and his barons. During the rise of Simon de Montfort in 1264, Eleanor raised an army of French mercenaries for the defense of her husband and son. Upon the death of Henry in 1272, Eleanor retired to a life in the veil in the Convent at Amesbury, though she never took the final vows. Until her death of old age, she was consulted many times in matters of state by her son Edward I. *Note: Eleanor's heart was entombed at Grayfriar's Church, London.
Bio by: Kristen Conrad
1207–1272 (m. 1236)