Amos Richards Eno

Amos Richards Eno

Death 21 Feb 1898 (aged 87)
Burial Simsbury, Hartford County, Connecticut, USA
Plot Mausoleum 3
Memorial ID 83215958 · View Source
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Amos Richards Eno
Birth 1 Nov 1810 Simsbury, Hartford, CT
Death 21 Feb 1898 New York, New York
Burial Simsbury Cemetery-Simsbury, CT
Mausoleum Location 11

Father Salmon Eno
Born 1779 Dec 13 Simsbury, CT
DIed 1842 Apr 3 Simsbury, CT
Married 1805 Jun 2
Mother Mary Richards
Born 1785 Sep 29
Died 1883 Sep 29
Burial Hopmeadow-Simsbury, CT

Married 1835 Apr 14
Lucy Jane Phelps
Born 1818 Nov 1 Simsbury, CT
Father Elisha Phelps
Mother Lucy Smith

Amos was born in Simsbury at 14 St. John's Place, son a a farmer he was schooled in SImsbury. When he was 16, he went to Hartford, Ct to clerk in a dry-goods store. After learning the trade he returned to Simsbury and opened a store at Hoskins Station and operated a profitable business. In 1833 he established the firm of Eno & Phelps (in NYC) with his cousin John J Phelps. The firm was successful, it laid the foundation for what became a 25 million dollar fortune.

After Amos married Lucy Phelps they settled in New York CIty. The partnership he had created with his cousin, John Phellps ended and he organized a new firm Eno, Mahoney & Co. Amos began to purchase real estate and became more involved with the real estate industry. By 1857 he gave up the dry-goods business to concentrate on real estate. It was said that Amos seldom made a venture that did not have a successful ending. In 1859 he formulated and put into operation the idea of building the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Many considered the hotel idea and location would be his downfall. The hotel opened as the leading hotel of New York City and was a financial success.

After the hotel he focused his energy on banking. The offices of the Second National Bank of New York were located on the first floor of the hotel. 1884 he had to make an announcement that the bank was about to fail. His son, John Chester Eno, President of the bank embezzled millions of dollars and had fled to Canada. Amos prevented the bank's demise by payment of 3 million dollars, most from his personal funds and a mortgage on the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Every obligation was paid in full.

For years Amos and Lucy lived in a house on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 27th street. After Lucy's father died, Amos purchased his home and they spent the summers in Simsbury, CT.

Amos became active in Simsbury's affairs. He was ready to support any cause he considered worthy.

He established and endowed the Simsbury Free Library.

He purchase a large farm and gave it to the town as a home for the towns poor.

If he was not devoted to business or supporting a cause, he was in his study. Considered a natural learner he taught himself through constant reading. He studied languages, French a Italian were favorites. He became quite fluent in French.

Lucy died 1882 March 4. He later he moved to Simsbury permanently. He had completed extensive renovations and the old farm house was an elegant country retreat. He added an additional wing to accommodate his large family, over 30 rooms, when the house was completed.

The house was further improved when his daughter the Widow Antoinette Wood continued the renovations after her father's death.

Shortly before his death, Amos, established a home in New York City on the corner of Fifth and Tenth street. Amos died in this home 1898 Feb 21.

Amos R Eno gave the land for the Simsbury Center Cemetery (upper part). He reserved the uppermost area for his family's five mausoleums. Four of them were built between 1900-1910. The 5th mausoleum was built in the 1960's for Hokan and Mary Pinchot Eno Steffanson., his granddaughter. Hokan was a survivor of the sinking of the Titanic and he married Amos's granddaughter Mary Pinchot Eno. They are buried together in the mausoleum to Amos's right.

Amos Eno was generous with his donations to the town of Simsbury.

Besides the land for the cemetery he gave funds to the improvement of the cemetery. The Simsbury Cemetery, which has gravestones dating from 1688 to the present, is the final resting place for Amos Richards Eno and his wife, Lucy Jane Phelps Eno, and many members of their family, including Antoinette Eno Wood, William Phelps Eno and their older brother, Amos F. Eno, a major benefactor of the New York Public Library. *

He funded and endowed the Simsbury Free Library, located next to the Simsbury Cemetery.

He purchased a large farm and gave it to the town for the poor, now called Town Farm Dairy. In 1883 the Town of Simsbury accepted the gift of a farm from Amos R. Eno “for the support and care” of the town’s poor. Today the farmhouse and a portion of its original acreage are preserved by the Friends of the Town Farm Dairy. It is at 71 Wolcott Road, about 3.2 miles northeast of the Simsbury Free Library.

At the time of his death, 1898 Feb 21 his wealth was evaluated from 20-40 million dollars.

Family Members

FATHER Salmon Eno
1779 – 1842
MOTHER Mary Richards
1781 –


S1 Emeline Eno
1805 –

S2 Aaron Richards Eno
1808 – 1835

S3 Salmon Chester Eno
1814 –

Spouse Lucy Jane Phelps
Born 1818
Died 1882

10 Children all but Mary Pinchot are buried in the Eno mausoleums.

C1 Amos F Eno
Born 1836 Jun 13
Died 1915 Oct 21
Never Married
Civil War

C2 Mary Jane Eno Pinchot
Born 1838 Sept 23
Died 1914 Aug 25
James Wallace Pinchot
3 Children
Gifford Pinchot
Yale Graduate
Founder of the U.S.Forestry Department
Twice Governor of Pennsylvania.
Antoinette Eno Pinchot Johnstone (Sir Alan)-England
Amos Richards Eno Pinchot, father of Rosamond Pinchot (She is the
subject of Bibi Gaston's book The Loveliest Woman in America

C3 Anna Maria Eno
Born 1839 Feb 26
Died 1884 Mar 25
Never Married

C4 Henry Clay Eno
Born 1840 Oct 28
DIed 1914 Jul 16
Cornelia Lane
Children Henry

C5 Antoinette "Nettie" Eno WOOD
Born 1842 Jan 20
Died 1931 Jan 11
Married Charles B Wood
Gave the town of Simsbury to
Eno Memorial Hall
in memory of her parents.

C6 Salmon Elisha Eno
Born 1846 Jul 26
Died 1847 Feb 19

C7 John Chester Eno
Born 1848 Jun 3
Died 1914 Feb 28
Harriet Andrews Christmas
3 children
Florence Christmas Eno Graves
Mary Pinchot Eno Steffanson
Antoinette Wood Eno

C8 Lucy Phelps Eno
Born 1849 Oct 9
Died 1851 Aug 6

C9 William Phelps Eno
Born 1858 Jun 3
Died 1945 Dec 3
First Married
Alice Rathbone
Second Marriage
Alberta Paz

Was known in Simsbury for developing traffic laws, including street signs,driving on the right side of the road and one-way streets.


Birth 1810 1 Nov
Simsbury, Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Marriage to Lucy Jane Phelps
1835 14 Jan Age: 24

1850 Age: 40
New York Ward 1 Western Division, New York, New York

1860 Age: 50
New York Ward 18 District 4, New York, New York

1870 Age: 60
New York Ward 21 District 21 (2nd Enum), New York, New York

1880 Age: 70
New York (Manhattan), New York City-Greater, New York

Death 1898 21 Feb Age: 87
New York, New York, USA

Source Information
1850 United States Federal Census

1860 United States Federal Census

1870 United States Federal Census

1880 United States Federal Census

U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925

Simsbury Genealogical and Historical Research Library.

Family Members



Planning a visit to Simsbury Cemetery?



  • Created by: M Cooley
  • Added: 10 Jan 2012
  • Find A Grave Memorial 83215958
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Amos Richards Eno (1 Nov 1810–21 Feb 1898), Find A Grave Memorial no. 83215958, citing Simsbury Cemetery, Simsbury, Hartford County, Connecticut, USA ; Maintained by M Cooley (contributor 47154454) .