Cinematographer. He received notoriety for being an Italian-American cinematographer from the pioneer days of the silent, pre-code movies through the 1940s. Born into a family of well-known photographers in Italy, he immigrated to New York City in 1906 becoming the head of Vitagraph Film Laboratory, which was the veritable cradle of the film industry in the day. He came to the United States experienced as he had been making short movies in Italy. He was known for many innovations including being the first cameraman to use a montage sequence in the 1940 film, “The Mark of Zorro.” In 1925 Vitagraph was merged into Warner Brothers Studios. At this point, he moved to Hollywood were he became one of the world’s most popular cinematographers. Billed as “Antonio” or “Tony” Gaudioon the credits, some of his best-known work was acclaimed in the movies “Hell’s Angels in 1930, “The Adventures of Robin Hood” in 1938 and “Corvette K-225” in 1943. He worked with actress Bette Davis, filming her in eleven of her earliest roles, giving her glamour shots in some films while stark realism in others . In 1936 he was the recipient of the Academy Award for Best Cinematographer for his skills in the film “Anthony Adverse”. He filmed “ The Life of Emile Zola,” which made Best Picture in 1937, as did six other nominations for Best Picture. He was nominated for five other Oscars in the category of Best Cinematographer. After leaving Warner Brothers in 1943 to free-lance, he made two of his Oscar nominations. I n 1946 his last nomination was in the category of Best Color Cinematographer, along with Allen Davey, for the 1945 film “A Song to Remember.” His brother, Eugene, was one of the founders of the American Society of Cinematographers. After his brother's sudden death, he served as the group’s president from 1924 to 1925.
Bio by: Bigwoo
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