He graduated from West Point in 1886. From 1892 to 1895 he taught engineering at West Point. From 1897 to 1901 he was involved in MS River improvements, advancing to Capt. in May 1898, and after two years in the office of the Chief of Engineers he returned to the West Point faculty in 1903-06. Promoted to Major in April 1904, he was assigned in 1907-09 as Chief Engineer for the Army of Cuban Pacification. From 1909 to 1912 he was engaged in river and harbor work in VA, becoming a Lt. Colonel in 1910. He was in river and harbor work in MI, 1912-16, and was promoted to Col. in March 1916, served on the Mexican Border in that year and in 1917 was sent to France for WW I duty. In August he was promoted to temporary Brig. General and in September was named Chief Engineer of Lines of Communication and Dir. of Const/ Forrestry for the AEF. In May 1918 he was appointed by General Pershing to command the combined Air Service of the AEF. From 1921-1927, served as Chief of the Air Service at rank of Maj. General. He retired from the military in 1927.
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