Scientist. He is called "The Father of Taxonomy," and made the system for naming, ranking and classifying organisms – a system that is still widely used throughout the world. He also made many travels for scientific research. In 1735 the first edition of his work "Systema Naturae," was published. It contained his classification of living things, and since he continued revising his studies, it grew from a slim pamphlet to a multi volume work. Other important works published, are for instance "Fundamenta Botanica" (1736) and "Philosophia Botanica" (1751). From 1741 until 1777 he was a professor at the University of Uppsala. He had several students, and one of them, Daniel Solander, joined explorer James Cook on his first expedition. In his latter days, he was suffering from depression and pessimism. In 1774 he had a number of minor strokes, and his health changed for the worse.
Bio by: Peter Robsahm