André Jolivet

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André Jolivet

Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Death 20 Dec 1974 (aged 69)
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Burial Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Memorial ID 8083229 · View Source
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Composer. Born in Paris, France. Andre developed an interest in the arts early in his life, taking up painting and cello lessons at the age of 14. However, he was encouraged by his parents to become a teacher, going to teachers' college and teaching primary school in Paris. Interested in drama, painting, and literature as a young man, he soon turned to music and studied seriously with the avant-garde composer Edgard Varèse, among others. His early works String Quartet and Andante for String Orchestra, both 1934 demonstrate his familiarity with the techniques of Béla Bartók, Arnold Schoenberg, and Alban Berg. In 1935 Andre helped found a contemporary chamber-music organization, La Spirale, later to become La Jeune France the name originated with Hector Berlioz, dedicated to fostering modern nationalistic music. During his service in the French Army during World War II, Andre grew interested in primitive religion and magic influences that may be detected in his style. Andre's aesthetic ideals underwent many changes throughout his career. His initial desire as an adolescent was to write music for the theater, which inspired his first compositions, including music for a ballet. Claude Debussy, Paul Dukas, and Maurice Ravel were to be his next influences after he heard a concert of their work in 1919; he composed several piano pieces while training to become a teacher before going to study with Le Flem. Schoenberg and Varèse were strongly evident in his first period of maturity as a composer, during which his style drew heavily upon atonality and modernistic ideas. Mana in 1933, the beginning of his "magic period", was a work in six parts for piano, with each part named after one of the six objects Varèse left with him before moving to the United States. Andre's intent as a composer throughout his career was to "give back to music its original, ancient meaning, when it was the magical, incantatory expression of the religious beliefs of human groups." Mana, even as one of his first mature works, is a reflection of this; He considered the sculptures as fetish objects. His further writing continues to seek the original meanings of music and its capacity for emotional, ritual, and celebratory expression. In 1945 he was named music director of the Comédie-Française; thereafter he developed an expressive melodic style exemplified in the virtuoso Concertino for Trumpet, Strings, and Piano in 1948 and the spontaneous but symmetrical Flute Concerto of 1949. Opposition to the Neoclassicism of the 1930s led him to experiments with the Ondes Martenot, an electronic instrument Concerto, in 1948, and with complex and enormous orchestrations Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, in 1951, in which the movements evoke sounds of Africa, East Asia, and Polynesia. Finally realizing his youthful ambition to write for the theater, Andre became the musical director of the Comédie Française in 1945, a post he held until 1959. While there he composed for plays by Molière, Racine, Sophocles, Shakespeare, and Claudel, scoring 14 works in total. He also continued to compose for the concert hall, often inspired by his frequent travels around the world, adapting texts and music from Egypt, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia into his distinctly French style. Andre married twice, firstly violinist Martine Barbillion and they had a daughter together, his second wife was Hilda Ghuighui, together they shared three children. Andre founded the Centre Français d'Humanisme Musical at Aix-en-Provence in 1959, and in 1961 went to teach composition at the Paris Conservatoire. Andre died in Paris, leaving his opera Le soldat inconnu unfinished, he was 69 years old.

Bio by: Shock

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André Jolivet / 1905-1974 / Hilda Jolivet / née Guigue / 1906-1996



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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Steve Relei
  • Added: 13 Nov 2003
  • Find a Grave Memorial 8083229
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for André Jolivet (8 Aug 1905–20 Dec 1974), Find a Grave Memorial no. 8083229, citing Cimetiere de Montmartre, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .