Queen of Scandinavia. Princess of England. She belonged to the Angevin-Plantagenet Dynasty, Lancaster branch, and was the daughter of King Henry IV of England and Mary of Bohun, a daughter of an Earl of Hereford. Her mother died when Philippa was born. After being engaged to him for 3 years, the English princess married King Eric the Pomeranian of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway at Westminster Abbey (in his absence) in 1405 and again in 1406 at Lund, Sweden (then Denmark). She was 12, he was 24. The marriage was part of the brilliant European political plans laid by Eric's grandaunt and adopted mother Queen Margaret I the Great of Denmark who had created the Kalmar Union between the three Scandinavian kingdoms. The newlyweds settled at Kalmar, where Philippa learned the language and got more accustomed to Sweden and the union. Her Court Mistress was Lady Catherine, a granddaughter of Saint Bridget. The forceful Margaret continued to rule, even though Eric and Phlippa nominally were King and Queen, until she died in 1412. Then, during her husband's extensive foreign travels, taking him as far as Jerusalem, Philippa ruled the union and was considered to do it well. She presided over important council meetings at Stockholm and Vadstena, assisted particularly the navy during war efforts and went to Copenhagen to help Eric defend their capital, ably showing everyone, as it was noted, that she was "the sister of Henry V". Her only known child was born and died in 1429. She died shortly thereafter at the age of 35 at the Convent of Vadstena, which was a kind of haven she had returned to regularly, and was buried there. Eric mourned her deeply and his luck seems to have left him with her. The Royal Family of Sweden had its next English marriage exactly 500 years after Philippa's, in 1905. Queen Philippa is remembered in a stained glass window of this church as well as in the Glyptothek of Copenhagen with her monumental statue there.
Bio by: Count Demitz