South Carolina Governor, US Congressman. He served as the 50th Governor of South Carolina from 1824 to 1826. Born near Sumter in the Sumter District, Manning graduated from South Carolina College at Columbia in 1811. During the War of 1812 he served as a Captain of Volunteers in the State Militia, after which he was active as a planter in Clarendon County. He was a member of the State House of Representatives (1820 to 1822) and the State Senate (1822 to 1824) prior to his election as Governor. The key event of his administration was the Legislature's commitment to a policy of nullification, which asserted that the state had the power to nullify federal law within its borders; Manning opposed this as an extremist view of states' rights. In addition he advocated reform of the "Negro Laws" applying to slaves, especially in capital cases. He was not nominated for a second term as Governor and would be defeated for a gubenatorial bid in 1830, but he remained active in politics as a powerful adversary of the Nullifier Party. In 1834 Manning was elected as a Jacksonian to the US House of Representatives to complete the term of the late James Blair; he was subsequently reelected to the Twenty-Fourth Congress, representing South Carolina's 7th District. He died in office, during a trip to Philadelphia, and was returned to Columbia for burial; there is a cenotaph in his memory at Congressional Cemetery in Washington, DC. He was the father of South Carolina Governor John Lawrence Manning.
Bio by: Bobb Edwards