American computer cognitive scientist & inventor who received the A. M. Turing Award in 1971 for his major contributions to the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). He was responsible for the coining of the term "Artificial Intelligence" in his 1955 proposal for the 1956 Dartmouth Conference & was the inventor of the LISP programming language. He was also honored with the Kyoto Prize in 1988, the National Medal of Science in 1990, & the Benjamin Franklin medal in 2003. He was inducted into the "IEEE Intelligent Systems" AI's Hall of Fame in 2011.
He received a doctorate in math from Princeton in 1951 & then became a professor at Princeton until 1953. He did turns at MIT & Dartmouth before settling at Stanford in 1962 until his retirement at the end of 2000.
Stanford University News Service announcement ~ Dr. John McCarthy, Professor of computer science had worked at the artificial intelligence lab in Stanford, California for four decades. He was appointed Professor Emeritus Jan 1, 2001. The school said he died at his Palo Alto home but did not provide a cause.
McCarthy was a leader in the artificial intelligence field, coining the term in a 1955 research proposal. He said "every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can in principle be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it."
He went on to create the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab & the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab, serving as its director from 1965 to 1980.
In 1958, McCarthy invented the programming language Lisp, which paved the way for voice recognition technology, including Siri, the personal assistant application on the newest iPhone.
McCarthy also developed the concept of computer time-sharing, which allowed multiple users to interact with a single computer. That lay the foundation for cloud computing today.
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