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 Jean Charles Alphand

Jean Charles Alphand

Birth
Grenoble, Departement de l'Isère, Rhône-Alpes, France
Death 6 Dec 1891 (aged 74)
Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Burial Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Plot Division 66
Memorial ID 7861 · View Source
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Landscape Architect and Civil Engineer. He was engineer of the Corps of Bridges and Roads in Paris, France during the time of city's renewal, which was ordered by Emperor Napoleon III. Working under Georges-Eugene Haussmann, Alphand and noted gardener Jean-Pierre Barillet-Deschamps carried out numerous schemes for laying out straight avenues, and designed many public gardens and parks, including those of the Bois de Boulogne in 1854; Bois de Vincennes in 1860; Monceau in 1862; Buttes-Chaumont from 1864 to 1869; and Montsouris in 1869. Of these, Buttes-Chaumont was the most elaborate, with a lake, streams, a waterfall, and artificial grottoes. With Barillet-Deschamps and É. -F. André, he created the botanic gardens at La Muette in 1869, which was moved to Boulogne in 1895. In 1867, he became supervisor of the public ways of Paris. After 1871, he was promoted to Director of Public Works, which included the cemeteries (e.g. Bagneux of 1886). He oversaw the layouts and landscaping of the International Exhibitions in Paris in 1867, 1878, and 1889. Making Paris a beautiful city, most of his gardens and parks are still standing. His pace at work never lagged and he died suddenly in his villa on Beauséjour Boulevard. To honor of him, the city of Paris organized a grand funeral unlike the funeral for Barron Haussmann, who had fallen from public graces after the fall of Napoleon. The city built him a tomb at Père-Lachaise and a monument Avenue Foch. He wrote a two-volume work, "The Strolls of Paris" (1867-73) and co-authored the text of "The Art of Gardens: Parks, Gardens, Walks: Historical Study" with Alfred Ernouf. Except for a few stones, the Alphand family home in the Dauphiné no longer exists. On one stone it is written, "Do what you would have done before you die," which gives meaning to this man’s simple life as a great servant of France.

Bio by: Linda Davis


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 19 Dec 1999
  • Find A Grave Memorial 7861
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Jean Charles Alphand (26 Oct 1817–6 Dec 1891), Find A Grave Memorial no. 7861, citing Cimetière du Père Lachaise, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .